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Adult rat ventricular myocytes and cardiac microvascular endothelial cells (CMEC) both express an inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS or NOS2) following exposure to soluble inflammatory mediators. However, NOS2 gene expression is regulated differently in response to specific cytokines in each cell type. Interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) induces NOS2 in both,(More)
In heart muscle, the cytokine-inducible isoform of nitric oxide synthase (NOS2) is expressed in both cardiac myocytes and microvascular endothelial cells (CMEC). mRNA levels for both NOS2 and for osteopontin, a multifunctional extracellular matrix phosphoprotein containing and RGD integrin binding domain, are increased in cardiac muscle following(More)
ANG II has been implicated in the hypertrophic response in ventricular myocytes by acting at the angiotensin type 1 (AT1) receptor. However, the role of the angiotensin type 2 (AT2) receptor in the adult heart is not as clearly understood. In adult rat ventricular myocytes (ARVM) and cardiac microvascular endothelial cells (CMEC), we examined the role of(More)
Several major functions of type I cGMP-dependent protein kinase (cGK I) have been established in smooth muscle cells, platelets, endothelial cells, and cardiac myocytes. Here we demonstrate that cGK Ibeta is endogenously expressed in freshly purified human peripheral blood T lymphocytes and inhibits their proliferation and interleukin 2 release. Incubation(More)
The potential role of transient sarcolemmal membrane wounding as a signal transduction event for cardiomyocyte hypertrophy was evaluated in rats with short-term pressure overload caused by banding of the proximal aorta. This procedure resulted in significant increases in left ventricular systolic (1.5-fold) and end-diastolic (2.6-fold) pressures and wall(More)
In 23 patients with aortic valve stenosis (14 male, 9 female, mean age 66 +/- 21.5 years) left ventricular outflow tract cross-sectional area was determined in planimetric fashion using three-dimensional echocardiography. The 3-D data-set for each patient had been acquired in the course of a multiplane transesophageal examination. Aortic valve area was(More)
The genetic mucopolysaccharidosis syndromes (MPS) are autosomal recessive inborn errors of metabolism. Heart valve involvement in MPS is not uncommon but only a few case reports of successful cardiac surgery are available. In particular, reports of combined aortic and mitral stenosis associated with MPS type I-S are very rare. Both type I and type VI MPS(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the relationship between physician-identified radiographic fibrosis, lung tissue physical density change, and radiation dose after concurrent radiation therapy and chemotherapy for limited small cell lung cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS Fibrosis volumes of different severity levels were delineated on computed tomography (CT) images(More)
Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF; fibroblast growth factor-2) and angiotensin II (ANG II), among other peptide signaling autacoids (cytokines), are known to regulate the phenotypic adaptation of cardiac muscle to physiological stress. The cell type(s) in cardiac muscle responsible for ANG II synthesis and secretion and the role of endogenous cytokines(More)