Thomas Adam Oliver

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Spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas (SDAVFs) are the most common type of spinal arteriovenous malformations. Type 1 spinal arteriovenous malformations are defined by the presence of radiculomeningeal feeders that drain into intradural veins. Patients with these lesions frequently present with chronic myelopathy, which is most often caused by venous(More)
We studied the impact of central auditory processing disorder (CAPD) and cognitive deficit (CD) on the self-assessment of hearing handicap in 122 elderly subjects. Self-assessment was quantified by means of the Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly (HHIE). Results showed that cognitive impairment exerted no significant effect on the self-assessment of(More)
Amplitude growth functions of the electrically elicited stapedius reflex were compared with behavioral estimates of dynamic range in seven patients using multielectrode cochlear implants. The range between threshold and saturation level of the amplitude growth function usually either encompassed or fell between the preferred and uncomfortable listening(More)
This paper stresses the relatively high prevalence of auditory abnormality in multiple sclerosis. An auditory test battery consisting of the acoustic reflex (AR), the auditory brainstem response (ABR), the masking level difference (MLD) and speech audiometry (SA) was administered to 62 patients with diagnosed 'definite' multiple sclerosis. The AR showed the(More)
Suprathreshold morphologic characteristics of the acoustic stapedius reflex are reported for five subjects with acoustic tumor. Results support the hypothesis that changes in suprathreshold morphology may be more sensitive to acoustic tumor than conventional reflex threshold and decay measures. Both the afferent relative amplitude index (AI) and measures of(More)
Acoustic reflect morphology was examined in 122 patients with a diagnosis of definite multiple sclerosis. Abnormality in some dimension of acoustic reflex morphology was observed in 75 per cent of the study population. The most commonly observed abnormality was an alteration in one or more of the three relative amplitude indices (afferent, efferent, or(More)
Two problems in the clinical measurement of acoustic reflex latency are discussed. First, the rise characteristic of the reflex is affected by the frequency of the eliciting signal. Due to the closed ipsilateral feedback loop system the reflex rises more rapidly at low frequencies than at high frequencies. Second, the temporal characteristic of the(More)
Results of conventional adult speech audiometry may be compromised by the presence of speech/language disorders, such as aphasia. The purpose of this project was to determine the efficacy of the speech intelligibility materials and techniques developed for young children in evaluating central auditory function in aphasic adults. Eight adult aphasics were(More)
Pituitary adenomas rarely occur in young children, typically present with systemic symptoms, and rarely undergo malignant transformation. We report a 4-year-old girl who presented with visual disturbances initially diagnosed and treated as amblyopia. She subsequently developed headaches and a gait disturbance and was discovered to have a large, suprasellar,(More)