Thomas A. Walker

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E1A oncogene expression increases mammalian cell susceptibility to lysis by cytolytic lymphocytes (CLs) at a stage in this intercellular interaction that is independent of cell surface recognition events. Since CLs can induce either apoptotic or necrotic cell death, we asked whether E1A sensitization to injury-induced apoptosis is sufficient to explain(More)
Alveolar type II cell proliferation occurs after lung injury and is thought to minimize the subsequent fibrotic response. Keratinocyte growth factor (KGF) has been shown to be a potent growth factor for rat alveolar type II cells. In this study, we created a replication-deficient, recombinant human type 5 adenovirus vector expressing human KGF (Ad5-KGF) to(More)
Mammalian cells transformed by nononcogenic human adenoviruses exhibit high susceptibility to destruction by host mononuclear inflammatory cells. We have analyzed the viral gene regulation of the susceptibility of transformed cells to lysis by natural killer cells and activated macrophages. Comparisons of target cell lines transformed by overlapping(More)
The adenoviral E1A oncogene sensitizes mammalian cells to tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), in part by repressing the nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappa B)-dependent defense against this cytokine. Other E1A activities involve binding to either p300/cyclic AMP response element-binding protein (CBP) or retinoblastoma (Rb)-family proteins, but the roles(More)
The manner in which oncogenes influence tumorigenicity beyond their ability to immortalize cells is uncertain. We tested the hypothesis that, in addition to subverting cellular growth controls, oncogenes can actively determine tumor-inducing capacity by affecting neoplastic cell susceptibility to destruction by the host cellular immune response. The(More)
Inbred hamster and mouse cells transformed by the nononcogenic adenovirus (Ad) serotypes, Ad2 and Ad5, are nontumorigenic in syngeneic adult animals, while cells from these species transformed by the highly oncogenic Ad12 are tumorigenic in such rodents. By immunoprecipitation and flow cytometry, cells from four of six Ad2- and Ad5-transformed hamster and(More)
The experiments described in this report were designed to examine whether target cells transfected with the adenovirus E1A gene and exhibiting increased susceptibility to lysis by natural killer cells and activated macrophages (J. L. Cook, T. A. Walker, A. M. Lewis, Jr., H. E. Ruley, F. L. Graham, and S. H. Pilder, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 83:6965-6969,(More)
Secondary structure mapping experiments using S1 nuclease, RNase T1, and diethyl pyrocarbonate as conformational probes have identified those regions in mouse 5.8S rRNA containing major sites of interaction with 28S rRNA. One site encompasses the 3'-terminal 20 nucleotides and corresponds to the region identified previously as a component of an(More)