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The virulent Bacillus subtilis bacteriophage SPP1 encapsidates its DNA by a headful mechanism. Analyzing phage missense mutants, which package less DNA than SPP1 wild-type but show no other affected properties, we have identified a gene whose product is involved in the sizing of phage DNA during maturation. Characterization of this gene and its product(More)
The enzymes of the Bacillus subtilis BsuBI restriction/modification (R/M) system recognize the target sequence 5'CTGCAG. The genes of the BsuBI R/M system have been cloned and sequenced and their products have been characterized following overexpression and purification. The gene of the BsuBI DNA methyltransferase (M.BsuBI) consists of 1503 bp, encoding a(More)
Comparisons of the amino acid sequences of m5C DNA methyltransferases (Mtases) from 11 prokaryotes and one eukaryote reveal a very similar organization. Among all the enzymes one can distinguish highly conserved "core" sequences and "variable" regions. The core sequences apparently mediate steps of the methylation reaction that are common to all the(More)
DNA preparations of the chloramphenicol resistance determining S. aureus plasmids pC194, pC223, and PUB112 can be fractionated by gel electrophoresis into various bands. Electronmicroscopic investigations of these various molecular species obtained with pC194 indicated that, depending on the preparations, 70 to 80% of the molecules were monomers, while the(More)
Packaging of Bacillus subtilis phage SPP1 DNA into viral capsids is initiated at a specific DNA site termed pac. Using an in vivo assay for pac cleavage, we show that initiation of DNA synthesis and DNA packaging are uncoupled. When the DNA products of pac cleavage were analyzed, we could detect the pac end that was destined to be packaged, but we failed to(More)
The virulent Bacillus subtilis bacteriophage SPP1 packages its DNA from a precursor concatemer by a headful mechanism. Following disruption of mature virions with chelating agents the chromosome end produced by the headful cut remains stably bound to the phage tail. Cleavage of this tail-chromosome complex with restriction endonucleases that recognize(More)
Specific labelling of replicating bacteriophage SPP1 DNA can be achieved by infection at nonpermissive temperature of a B. subtilis strain carrying the initation mutation dnaB ts134. Under these conditions host DNA synthesis is reduced by 90 to 95%. This technique was used to identify cistrons of SPP1 involved in phage DNA synthesis and to define(More)
The left end of the genome of Bacillus subtilis bacteriophage SPP1 is represented by EcoRI DNA fragments 12 and 1 (EcoRI-12 and EcoRI-1). A number of different deletions were identified in EcoRI-1. A detailed physical and genetic map of EcoRI-1 from wild-type (wt) phage and SPP1 deletion mutants was constructed. Genes encoding essential products involved in(More)
A nomenclature is described for restriction endonucleases, DNA methyltransferases, homing endonucleases and related genes and gene products. It provides explicit categories for the many different Type II enzymes now identified and provides a system for naming the putative genes found by sequence analysis of microbial genomes.