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DNA preparations of the chloramphenicol resistance determining S. aureas plasmids pC194, pC223, and PUB112 can be fractionated by gel electrophoresis into various bands. Electromicroscopic investigations of these various molecular species obtained with pC194 indicated that, depending on the preparations, 70 to 80% of the molecules were monomers, while the(More)
The virulent Bacillus subtilis bacteriophage SPP1 encapsidates its DNA by a headful mechanism. Analyzing phage missense mutants, which package less DNA than SPP1 wild-type but show no other affected properties, we have identified a gene whose product is involved in the sizing of phage DNA during maturation. Characterization of this gene and its product(More)
Comparisons of the amino acid sequences of m5C DNA methyltransferases (Mtases) from 11 prokaryotes and one eukaryote reveal a very similar organization. Among all the enzymes one can distinguish highly conserved "core" sequences and "variable" regions. The core sequences apparently mediate steps of the methylation reaction that are common to all the(More)
Any SPP1 DNA restriction fragment cloned into Bacillus subtilis plasmid pC194 or pUB110 increased the transduction frequency of the plasmid by SPP1 100- to 1,000-fold over the transduction level of the plasmid alone. This increment was observed irrespective of whether a fragment contained the SPP1 packaging origin (pac). Furthermore, an SPP1 derivative into(More)
A series of hybrid plasmids consisting of pC194 or pUB112 and B. subtilis DNA were constructed. In contrast to plasmid pC194, purified monomeric forms of such plasmids were active in transformation, provided the recipient cells were recombination proficient. Similarly the monomers of pC194 derived plasmids, containing bacteriophage phi 105 DNA were able to(More)
A nomenclature is described for restriction endonucleases, DNA methyltransferases, homing endonucleases and related genes and gene products. It provides explicit categories for the many different Type II enzymes now identified and provides a system for naming the putative genes found by sequence analysis of microbial genomes.
The enzymes of the Bacillus subtilis BsuBI restriction/modification (R/M) system recognize the target sequence 5'CTGCAG. The genes of the BsuBI R/M system have been cloned and sequenced and their products have been characterized following overexpression and purification. The gene of the BsuBI DNA methyltransferase (M.BsuBI) consists of 1503 bp, encoding a(More)
SPP1 DNA was cleaved by the restriction endonucleases, BglI, BglII, EcoRI, KpnI, SmaI, and SalI. The molecular weights of the DNA fragments obtained by single enzyme digestion or by consecutive digestion with two enzymes were determined by electron microscopic measurements of contour length and by gel electrophoresis. The major fragments from the six(More)
Packaging of Bacillus subtilis phage SPP1 DNA into viral capsids is initiated at a specific DNA site termed pac. Using an in vivo assay for pac cleavage, we show that initiation of DNA synthesis and DNA packaging are uncoupled. When the DNA products of pac cleavage were analyzed, we could detect the pac end that was destined to be packaged, but we failed to(More)