Thomas A. Trautner

Learn More
A nomenclature is described for restriction endonucleases, DNA methyltransferases, homing endonucleases and related genes and gene products. It provides explicit categories for the many different Type II enzymes now identified and provides a system for naming the putative genes found by sequence analysis of microbial genomes.
Molecular mechanisms determining methylation patterns in eukaryotic genomes still remain unresolved. We have characterized, in Ascobolus, a gene for de novo methylation. This novel eukaryotic gene, masc1, encodes a protein that has all motifs of the catalytic domain of eukaryotic C5-DNA-methyltransferases but is unique in that it lacks a regulatory(More)
The complete nucleotide sequence of the B. subtilis bacteriophage SPP1 is described. The genome is 44,007 bp in size and has a base composition of 43.7% dG + dC. Only 32.2 kb are essential for phage amplification under laboratory conditions. Transcription using only the 'heavy strand' is asymmetric. Eighty-one orfs organized in five early and four late(More)
“Functional” mutants of phage SP50 are described whose growth, in contrast to wild type SP50, is restricted on B. subtilis strain 168. On the basis of complementation tests and genetic crosses, these mutations could be grouped into three genes. Three types of mutants of strain 168, which permitted the growth of any one of the three classes of phage mutants(More)
Comparisons of the amino acid sequences of m5C DNA methyltransferases (Mtases) from 11 prokaryotes and one eukaryote reveal a very similar organization. Among all the enzymes one can distinguish highly conserved "core" sequences and "variable" regions. The core sequences apparently mediate steps of the methylation reaction that are common to all the(More)
The following properties of the DNA of B. subtilis phage SP50 were established: Molecular weight (in Daltons) 102×106 (sedimentation velocity) 97×106 (viscosity) 97×106 (contour lengths of electron micrographs) Base Composition (in % GC) 41.7 (chemical analysis) 44 (melting point) 44 (buoyant density) No unusual bases were observed. The complementary(More)
Packaging of Bacillus subtilis phage SPP1 DNA into viral capsids is initiated at a specific DNA site termed pac. Using an in vivo assay for pac cleavage, we show that initiation of DNA synthesis and DNA packaging are uncoupled. When the DNA products of pac cleavage were analyzed, we could detect the pac end that was destined to be packaged, but we failed to(More)
DNA preparations of the chloramphenicol resistance determining S. aureas plasmids pC194, pC223, and PUB112 can be fractionated by gel electrophoresis into various bands. Electromicroscopic investigations of these various molecular species obtained with pC194 indicated that, depending on the preparations, 70 to 80% of the molecules were monomers, while the(More)
The virulent Bacillus subtilis bacteriophage SPP1 encapsidates its DNA by a headful mechanism. Analyzing phage missense mutants, which package less DNA than SPP1 wild-type but show no other affected properties, we have identified a gene whose product is involved in the sizing of phage DNA during maturation. Characterization of this gene and its product(More)
The enzymes of the Bacillus subtilis BsuBI restriction/modification (R/M) system recognize the target sequence 5'CTGCAG. The genes of the BsuBI R/M system have been cloned and sequenced and their products have been characterized following overexpression and purification. The gene of the BsuBI DNA methyltransferase (M.BsuBI) consists of 1503 bp, encoding a(More)