Molecular mechanisms determining methylation patterns in eukaryotic genomes still remain unresolved. We have characterized, in Ascobolus, a gene for de novo methylation. This novel eukaryotic gene, masc1, encodes a protein that has all motifs of the catalytic domain of eukaryotic C5-DNA-methyltransferases but is unique in that it lacks a regulatory… (More)
A nomenclature is described for restriction endonucleases, DNA methyltransferases, homing endonucleases and related genes and gene products. It provides explicit categories for the many different Type II enzymes now identified and provides a system for naming the putative genes found by sequence analysis of microbial genomes.
DNA target recognizing domains of different multispecific DNA-cytosine-methyltransferases can be rearranged through engineering of the corresponding genes to generate enzymes with novel combinations of target recognition.
Encapsidation of the DNA of the virulent Bacillus subtilis phage SPP1 follows a processive unidirectional headful-mechanism and initiates at a unique genomic location (pac). We have cloned a fragment of SPP1 DNA containing the pac site flanked by reporter genes into the chromosome of B. subtilis. Infection of such cells with SPP1 led to highly efficient… (More)
We report the characterization and cloning of the genes for an unusual type IV restriction-modification system, BspLU11III, from Bacillus sp. LU11. The system consists of two methyltransferases and one endonuclease, which also possesses methyltransferase activity. The three genes of the restriction-modification system, bsplu11IIIMa, bsplu11IIIMb and… (More)
5-Cytosine-DNA-methyltransferases, which are found in many organisms ranging from bacteriophages to mammals, transfer a methyl group from S-adenosylmethionine to the carbon-5 of a cytosine residue in specific DNA target sequences. Some phage-encoded methyltransferases methylate more than one sequence: these enzymes contain several independent… (More)
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