Thomas A Shell

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Falling apart, on cue: Signaling pathways often display a profound spatiotemporal component that is best studied using light-activatable reagents. Three separate photolabile moieties that can be distinguished based upon their response to three distinct wavelengths (360, 440, and 560 nm) have been synthesized and evaluated. This tri-color system is also(More)
Although the corrin ring of vitamin B12 is unable to efficiently absorb light beyond 550 nm, it is shown that commercially available fluorophores can be used as antennas to capture long-wavelength light to promote scission of the Co-C bond at wavelengths up to 800 nm. The ability to control the molecular properties of bioactive species with long visible and(More)
DNA strand scission is produced by the ambient light photolysis of CpFe(CO)(2)Ph and H(2)O(2), a result that shows potential as a means of targeting tumors, due to the high levels of hydrogen peroxide in cancer cells. This cleavage process is dependent on the concentration of both CpFe(CO)(2)Ph and H(2)O(2), and preliminary experiments implicate both(More)
Light-responsive agents offer the promise of targeted therapy, whose benefits include (i) prolonged action at the target site, (ii) overall reduced systemic dosage, (iii) reduced adverse effects, and (iv) localized delivery of multiple agents. Although photoactivated prodrugs have been reported, these species generally require short wavelengths (<450 nm)(More)
Photolysis of hydroxocobalamin in the presence of plasmid DNA (pBR322) results in DNA cleavage. Temporal control of hydroxyl radical production and DNA strand scission by hydroxocobalamin was demonstrated using a 2-deoxyribose assay and a plasmid relaxation assay, respectively. The light-driven hydroxocobalamin-mediated catalytic formation of hydroxyl(More)
A microwave-assisted synthesis of N-phenylsuccinimide has been developed for the second-semester organic teaching laboratory. Utilizing this procedure, N-phenylsuccinimide can be synthesized by heating a mixture of aniline and succinic anhydride in a domestic microwave oven for four minutes in moderate yields (40-60%). This technique reduces the reaction(More)
Cobalamins are known to react with thiols to yield stable β-axial Co(III)-S bonded thiolato-cobalamin complexes. However, in stark contrast to the Co-C bond in alkylcobalamins, the photolability of the Co-S bond in thiolato-cobalamins remains undetermined. We have investigated the photolysis of N-acetylcysteinyl cob(III)alamin at several wavelengths within(More)
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