Thomas A. Kochan

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Since 1996, a group of industry chief executives and human resource professionals have been working together under the auspices of a nonprofit organization called the Business Opportunities for Leadership Diversity (BOLD) Initiative to help American corporations learn how to leverage their cultural diversity for competitive advantage. These leaders espouse(More)
Although "valuing diversity" has become a watchword, field research on the impact of a culturally diverse workforce on organizational performance has not been forthcoming. Invoking a resource-based framework, in this study I examined the relationships among cultural (racial) diversity, business strategy, and firm performance in the banking industry. Racial(More)
What role can corporate codes of conduct play in monitoring compliance with international labour standards and improving working conditions in global supply chains? Addressing this question, the authors first summarize the results of research on factory audits of working conditions in 800 of Nike’s suppliers in 51 countries and two intensive case studies.(More)
This article discusses why it is difficult to measure the effects of management practices on organizational performance. In spite of these difficulties, a collage of evidence suggests that innovative workplace practices can increase performance, primarily through the use of systems of related practices that enhance worker participation, make work design(More)
This paper seeks to engage the organization theory community in contemporary debates over the role of the corporation in American society by using the case of the Saturn corporation to develop and illustrate a stakeholder theory of the firm. One normative and three positive questions are posed for a stakeholder theory: The normative question is: Why should(More)
Research showing how upward social comparison breeds competitive behavior has so far conflated local comparisons in task performance (e.g. a test score) with comparisons on a more general scale (i.e. an underlying skill). Using a ranking methodology (Garcia, Tor, & Gonzalez, 2006) to separate task and scale comparisons, Studies 1–2 reveal that an upward(More)
This study assesses the relationships among industrial relations system characteristics, quality of working life improvement efforts, and selected measures of organizational effectiveness in twenty-five manufacturing plants between 1970 and 1980. Theoretical propositions are developed by integrating research on organizational behavior, industrial relations,(More)
The authors examine competing theoretical arguments regarding whether union representation, shared governance, wage levels, and two features of the quality of labor relations-workplace culture and conflict in negotiations-lead to better or worse outcomes for airlines, and they test these interpretations using a mix of historical and quantitative data from(More)