Thomas A Keating

Learn More
GlmU is a bifunctional enzyme that is essential for bacterial growth, converting D-glucosamine 1-phosphate into UDP-GlcNAc via acetylation and subsequent uridyl transfer. A biochemical screen of AstraZeneca's compound library using GlmU of Escherichia coli identified novel sulfonamide inhibitors of the acetyltransferase reaction. Steady-state kinetics,(More)
Antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs) are being actively pursued as a treatment option for cancer following the regulatory approval of brentuximab vedotin (Adcetris) and ado-trastuzumab emtansine (Kadcyla). ADCs consist of a cytotoxic agent conjugated to a targeting antibody through a linker. The two approved ADCs (and most ADCs now in the clinic that use a(More)
In high-throughput biochemical assays performed in multiwell plates, the effect of test samples on the activity of the biochemical system is usually measured by optical means such as absorbance, fluorescence, luminescence, or scintillation counting. The test sample often causes detection interference when it remains in the well during the measurement.(More)
Ceftazidime-avibactam and comparator antibiotics were tested by the broth microdilution method against 200 Enterobacteriaceae and 25 Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains resistant to fluoroquinolones (including strains with the extended-spectrum β-lactamase [ESBL] phenotype and ceftazidime-resistant strains) collected from our institution. The MICs and mechanisms(More)
There is an urgent need for new antibacterials that pinpoint novel targets and thereby avoid existing resistance mechanisms. We have created novel synthetic antibacterials through structure-based drug design that specifically target bacterial thymidylate kinase (TMK), a nucleotide kinase essential in the DNA synthesis pathway. A high-resolution structure(More)
Thymidylate kinase (TMK) is an essential enzyme for DNA synthesis in bacteria, phosphorylating deoxythymidine monophosphate (dTMP) to deoxythymidine diphosphate (dTDP), and thus is a potential new antibacterial drug target. Previously, we have described the first potent and selective inhibitors of Gram-positive TMK, leading to in vivo validation of the(More)
Antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs) have become a widely investigated modality for cancer therapy, in part due to the clinical findings with ado-trastuzumab emtansine (Kadcyla). Ado-trastuzumab emtansine utilizes the Ab-SMCC-DM1 format, in which the thiol-functionalized maytansinoid cytotoxic agent, DM1, is linked to the antibody (Ab) via the maleimide moiety(More)
This article reviews 101 patent applications published in 2011 that disclosed small-molecule antibacterials and reported bacterial growth inhibition, in which the compounds were not similarly disclosed to be toxic to fungal or mammalian cells. The patent applications were analyzed according to their biological target and/or antibacterial class. Protein(More)
Thymidylate kinase (TMK) is an essential enzyme in bacterial DNA synthesis. The deoxythymidine monophosphate (dTMP) substrate binding pocket was targeted in a rational-design, structure-supported effort, yielding a unique series of antibacterial agents showing a novel, induced-fit binding mode. Lead optimization, aided by X-ray crystallography, led to(More)
Two independent series of inhibitors of Helicobacter pylori glutamate racemase (MurI) were characterized for their kinetic mechanism, and one was used to generate resistant mutants in vitro. Mutant MurI enzymes from these strains were characterized by structural, genetic, kinetic and biophysical methods. Both inhibitor series, pyrazolopyrimidinediones and(More)