Thomas A Heitzer

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BACKGROUND Endothelial function is impaired in coronary artery disease and may contribute to its clinical manifestations. Increased oxidative stress has been linked to impaired endothelial function in atherosclerosis and may play a role in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular events. This study was designed to determine whether endothelial dysfunction and(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic smoking is associated with endothelial dysfunction, an early stage of atherosclerosis. It has been suggested that endothelial dysfunction may be a consequence of enhanced degradation of nitric oxide secondary to formation of oxygen-derived free radicals. To test this hypothesis, we investigated the effects of the antioxidant vitamin C on(More)
BACKGROUND Angiotensin II activates NAD(P)H-dependent oxidases via AT1-receptor stimulation, the most important vascular source of superoxide (O2*-). The AT1 receptor is upregulated in vitro by low-density lipoprotein. The present study was designed to test whether hypercholesterolemia is associated with increased NAD(P)H-dependent vascular O2*- production(More)
Conditions associated with impaired nitric oxide (NO) activity and accelerated atherosclerosis have been shown to be associated with a reduced bioavailability of tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4). We therefore hypothesized that BH4 supplementation may improve endothelial dysfunction of chronic smokers. Forearm blood flow (FBF) responses to the endothelium-dependent(More)
BACKGROUND Risk factors for atherosclerosis such as hypercholesterolemia and hypertension are associated with endothelial dysfunction of conduit and resistance vessels; however, the interaction of these risk factors and underlying mechanisms affecting endothelial function remain to be determined. The present study investigated the role of long-term smoking(More)
Aims/hypothesis. Tetrahydrobiopterin is an essential cofactor of nitric oxide synthase, and its deficiency decreases nitric oxide bioactivity. Our aim was to find whether supplementation of tetrahydrobiopterin could improve endothelial dysfunction in diabetic patients.¶Methods. Forearm blood flow responses to the endothelium-dependent vasodilator(More)
Recruitment and activation of polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) reflects a primary immunological response to invading pathogens and has also emerged as a hallmark of vascular inflammation. One of the principal enzymes released upon PMN activation is myeloperoxidase (MPO), a heme protein that not only generates cytotoxic oxidants but also impacts(More)
OBJECTIVES We examined whether long-term nitroglycerin (NTG) treatment leads to an increase in sensitivity to vasoconstrictors. To assess a potential role of the renin-angiotensin system in mediating this phenomenon, we treated patients concomitantly with the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor captopril. BACKGROUND The anti-ischemic efficacy of(More)
OBJECTIVES We sought to examine whether long-term nitroglycerin treatment causes tolerance in large coronary arteries and whether the loss of vascular effects parallels neurohormonal adjustments. BACKGROUND Nitroglycerin therapy is associated with increased plasma renin activity and aldosterone levels and a decrease in hematocrit. It is assumed that(More)
Coronary endothelial dysfunction is a powerful prognostic marker in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) that is centrally related to oxidative inhibition of nitric oxide (NO)-dependent vascular cell signaling. Xanthine oxidase (XO), which both binds to and is expressed by endothelial cells, generates superoxide and hydrogen peroxide upon oxidation(More)