Thomas A. Haas

Learn More
which induces cascades of intracellular signaling events, including protein phosphorylation and cytoskel-etal reorganization (Schwartz et al., 1995; Shattil and Ginsberg, 1997). However, ligand binding to integrins is not simply controlled by ligand availability but also through " inside-out " signaling: cellular stimulation clus-3 Joseph J. Jacobs Center(More)
A key step in the activation of heterodimeric integrin adhesion receptors is the transmission of an agonist-induced cellular signal from the short alpha- and/or beta-cytoplasmic tails to the extracellular domains of the receptor. The structural details of how the cytoplasmic tails mediate such an inside-out signaling process remain unclear. We report herein(More)
Activation of the ligand binding function of integrin heterodimers requires transmission of an "inside-out" signal from their small intracellular segments to their large extracellular domains. The structure of the cytoplasmic domain of a prototypic integrin alpha(IIb)beta(3) has been solved by NMR and reveals multiple hydrophobic and electrostatic contacts(More)
Cytoplasmic face-mediated integrin inside-out activation remains a paradigm in transmembrane signal transduction. Emerging evidence suggests that this process involves dissociation of the complex between the integrin cytoplasmic tails; however, a dynamic image of how it occurs on the membrane surface remains elusive. We show here that, whereas(More)
Many cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions depend upon the engagement of specific ligands by members of the integrin family of cell-adhesion receptors. In concert with the identification of new integrins, the number of integrin ligands continues to expand dramatically. The diversity of the integrin ligands bridges many areas of cell and molecular biology.(More)
The cytoplasmic tails of integrin heterodimers play central roles in controlling the activation states of integrins and in transmitting intracellular signals. Despite their short length, no structure of any integrin cytoplasmic domain has been determined. Therefore, molecular models for the cytoplasmic domain of alpha(IIb)beta3, the major platelet integrin,(More)
Integrins are used as prognostic indicators in breast cancer. Following engagement with extracellular matrix proteins, their signaling influences numerous cellular processes including migration, proliferation, and death. Integrin signaling varies between cell types through differential expression of integrin subunits, and changes within a given cell upon(More)
ARF GTPases play a central role in regulating membrane dynamics and protein transport in eukaryotic cells. ARF-like (ARL) proteins are close relatives of the ARF regulators of vesicular transport, but their function in plant cells is poorly characterized. Here, by means of live cell imaging and site-directed mutagenesis, we have investigated the cellular(More)
Myelination of axons in the CNS by oligodendrocytes is a process critical to rapid and efficient impulse conduction. A new role for the myelin proteolipid protein (PLP), the most abundant protein of CNS myelin, has been identified, in studies showing PLP interaction with signaling proteins in oligodendrocytes. In particular, these studies suggest that the(More)