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In heart muscle, the cytokine-inducible isoform of nitric oxide synthase (NOS2) is expressed in both cardiac myocytes and microvascular endothelial cells (CMEC). mRNA levels for both NOS2 and for osteopontin, a multifunctional extracellular matrix phosphoprotein containing and RGD integrin binding domain, are increased in cardiac muscle following(More)
Adult rat ventricular myocytes and cardiac microvascular endothelial cells (CMEC) both express an inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS or NOS2) following exposure to soluble inflammatory mediators. However, NOS2 gene expression is regulated differently in response to specific cytokines in each cell type. Interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) induces NOS2 in both,(More)
Studies investigating the question whether contractual and relational governance are substitutes or complements have been based on contradictory conceptualizations and have produced conflicting research results. This caused a controversial debate in the field of IS outsourcing concerning the relationship of governance mechanisms. Thus, the goal of this(More)
Pulmonary thromboendarterectomy (PTE) leads to an acute decrease of right ventricular (RV) afterload in patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension. We investigated the changes in right and left ventricular (LV) geometry and hemodynamics by means of transthoracic echocardiography. The prospective study was performed in 14 patients (8 female,(More)
ANG II has been implicated in the hypertrophic response in ventricular myocytes by acting at the angiotensin type 1 (AT1) receptor. However, the role of the angiotensin type 2 (AT2) receptor in the adult heart is not as clearly understood. In adult rat ventricular myocytes (ARVM) and cardiac microvascular endothelial cells (CMEC), we examined the role of(More)
The phosphodiesterase inhibitors have been recognised as potent inotropic and vasodilating drugs. In acute congestive heart failure they increase cardiac output, decrease left pulmonary capillary wedge pressure, and reduce total peripheral resistance with an improvement in loading conditions of the failing heart. Their potency in reversal of symptoms of(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the relationship between physician-identified radiographic fibrosis, lung tissue physical density change, and radiation dose after concurrent radiation therapy and chemotherapy for limited small cell lung cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS Fibrosis volumes of different severity levels were delineated on computed tomography (CT) images(More)
The role of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways as signal transduction intermediates of hemodynamic stress leading to cardiac hypertrophy in the adult heart is not fully established. In a rat model of pressure-overload hypertrophy, we examined whether activation of MAPK pathways, namely, the extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK),(More)
The genetic mucopolysaccharidosis syndromes (MPS) are autosomal recessive inborn errors of metabolism. Heart valve involvement in MPS is not uncommon but only a few case reports of successful cardiac surgery are available. In particular, reports of combined aortic and mitral stenosis associated with MPS type I-S are very rare. Both type I and type VI MPS(More)