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The consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages has been linked to risks for obesity, diabetes, and heart disease 1-3 ; therefore, a compelling case can be made for the need for reduced consumption of these beverages. Sugar-sweetened beverages are beverages that contain added, naturally derived caloric sweeteners such as sucrose (table sugar), high-fructose(More)
Norwalk-like viruses (NLVs), or small round structured viruses, are known to cause acute gastroenteritis associated with eating contaminated shellfish. Between 1993 and 1996, three oyster-related gastroenteritis outbreaks attributed to NLV occurred in Louisiana. Intensive trace-back and environmental investigations revealed that the overboard disposal of(More)
Food access among low-income populations has long been a concern in the United States. Recent research on the geographic dimensions of access has focused on economically deprived areas with little retail food activity, referred to as 'food deserts.' We illustrate concepts of urban food access in this descriptive case study from post-Katrina New Orleans. We(More)
A hospital‐based initiative to support a mother's decision to breastfeed Background  Breastfeeding is a healthier choice than infant formula for mothers and babies. o Breastfeeding reduces a mother's risk of breast and ovarian cancers. o Breastfeeding reduces an infant's risk of ear, respiratory and gastrointestinal infections, and asthma, and promotes(More)
The continued growth of the obesity epidemic at a time when obesity is highly stigmatizing should make us question the assumption that, given the right information and motivation, people can successfully reduce their food intake over the long term. An alternative view is that eating is an automatic behavior over which the environment has more control than(More)
Socioeconomic status is associated with mortality, yet does not fully explain health disparities. This study analyzed data from the Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN), in the USA, to identify neighborhood-level factors associated with premature mortality. 1990 US Census data and mortality data from Chicago were merged with data(More)
OBJECTIVE Recent work demonstrates the importance of in-store contents, yet most food access disparity research has focused on differences in store access, rather than the foods they carry. This study examined in-store shelf space of key foods to test whether other types of stores might offset the relative lack of supermarkets in African-American(More)
OBJECTIVES Chlamydia trachomatis is the most prevalent bacterial sexually transmitted disease (STD) in the United States, with the highest rates reported among adolescents. Chlamydia has severe consequences including pelvic inflammatory disease and infertility, and is believed to be a cofactor in human immunodeficiency virus transmission. Given that(More)
INTRODUCTION Obesity is a public health problem that is due in part to low levels of physical activity. Physical activity levels are influenced by the built environment. We examined how changes in the built environment affected residents' physical activity levels in a low-income, primarily African American neighborhood in New Orleans. METHODS We built a(More)