Thomas A. Clair

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1 Environmental Protection Agency, 200 SW 35th Street, Corvallis, Oregon 97333, USA 2 Environment Canada, PO Box 5050, Burlington, Ontario, Canada L7R 4A6 3 Norwegian Institute for Air Research, PO Box 100, 2027 Kjeller, Norway 4 Environment Canada, PO Box 6227, Sackville, New Brunswick, Canada E4L 1G6 5 Ontario Ministry of the Environment, PO Box 39,(More)
Reductions in North American sulfur dioxide (SO2) emissions promoted expectations that aquatic ecosystems in southeastern Canada would soon recover from acidification. Only lakes located near smelters that have dramatically reduced emissions approach this expectation. Lakes in the Atlantic provinces, Quebec and Ontario affected only by long-range sources(More)
The physical factors controlling total mercury (HgT) and methylmercury (MeHg) concentrations in lakes and streams of northeastern USA were assessed in a regional data set containing 693 HgT and 385 corresponding MeHg concentrations in surface waters. Multiple regression models using watershed characteristics and climatic variables explained 38% or less of(More)
A large number of datasets representing mercury (Hg) levels in northeastern North America were assembled in a standardized format between 2000 and 2003. Based on support from the Northeastern States Research Cooperative, scientists annually gathered and developed an operational template to collaboratively analyze and interpret these data for a series of(More)
We report on an inventory and analysis of sediment mercury (Hg) concentrations from 579 sites across northeastern North America. Sediment Hg concentrations ranged from the limit of detection ca. 0.01-3.7 microg g(-1) (dry weight, d.w.), and the average concentration was 0.19 microg g(-1) (d.w.) Sediment methylmercury concentrations ranged from 0.15 to 21 ng(More)
We assembled 831 data points for total mercury (Hg(t)) and 277 overlapping points for methyl mercury (CH3Hg+) in surface waters from Massachussetts, USA to the Island of Newfoundland, Canada from State, Provincial, and Federal government databases. These geographically indexed values were used to determine: (a) if large-scale spatial distribution patterns(More)
We collected zooplankton samples from 4×4 m enclosures located in two acidified lakes (pH<5) in Nova Scotia from June to August 1996. One lake had mean dissolved organic carbon concentrations greater than 10 mg l−1 (brown water), while the other had values between 2 and 4 mg l−1. In each lake, three enclosures were open to ambient light, while three were(More)
Catchment travel time distributions reflect how precipitation from different storms is stored and mixed as it is transported to the stream. Catchment travel time distributions can be described by the mean travel time and the shape of the distribution around the mean. Whereas mean travel times have been quantified in a range of catchment studies, only rarely(More)
Temperate forests can contain large numbers of wetlands located in areas of low relief and poor drainage. These wetlands can make a large contribution to the dissolved organic carbon (DOC) load of streams and rivers draining the forests, as well as the exchange of methane (CH4) and carbon dioxide (CO2) with the atmosphere. We studied the carbon budget of a(More)
Atlantic Canada, located in the extreme northeastern portion of North America, receives acid precipitation from all major acid emission sources on the eastern part of the continent. The region was glaciated and has thin soils over a generally poorly acid buffering bedrock. Because of regional topography, large groupings of lakes occur in a number of(More)