Thomas A. Briellmann

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A high-performance liquid chromatography method for the determination of benzodiazepines and their metabolites in whole blood and serum using mass spectrometry (MS) and photodiode array (PDA) detection is presented. The combination of both detection types can complement each other and provides extensive case relevant data. The limits of quantification (LOQ)(More)
In Switzerland, a two-tier system based on impairment by any psychoactive substances which affect the capacity to drive safely and zero tolerance for certain illicit drugs came into force on 1 January 2005. According to the new legislation, the offender is sanctioned if Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol THC is >or=1.5ng/ml or amphetamine, methamphetamine,(More)
A simple procedure based on a common silica gel column chromatography for the isolation of Delta9-tetrahydrocannabinolic acid A (Delta9-THCA-A) from hemp in a multi-milligram scale is presented. Further, the decarboxylation reaction of Delta9-THCA-A to the toxicologically active Delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Delta9-THC) at different analytical and(More)
A 24-year-old man known to consume illegal drugs was found dead in his apartment. A reclosable plastic zipper bag containing several hundred milligrams of a brown powder was found close to the dead body and the first assumption of the investigators was death due to heroin intoxication. Therefore, a legal autopsy was ordered. The following toxicological(More)
AIMS To investigate the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of nasal formulations containing midazolam (5-30 mg ml(-1)) complexed with cyclodextrin. METHODS An open-label sequential trial was conducted in eight healthy subjects receiving single doses of 1 mg and 3 mg intranasally and 1 mg midazolam intravenously. Pharmacokinetic parameters were obtained(More)
We present an unusual case of suicide by intraperitoneal injection of pentobarbital, an overdose of zolpidem and the intake of diazepam, ethanol and other psychoactive substances. The autopsy and specimen collection were conducted in a 10 to 18 h postmortem interval. The toxicological analysis revealed a significantly higher pentobarbital concentration in(More)
The development of the Internet throughout the past two decades has led to a gigantic increase of easily accessible information. The present case shows that suicidal people search the Internet for their favoured suicide method. The present case involves a suicidal intoxication with chloroquine and diazepam. Suicides with chloroquine are fairly older than(More)
Swiss laboratories performing toxicological road traffic analyses have been authorized for many years by the Swiss Federal Roads Office (FEDRO). In 2003 FEDRO signed a contract with the Swiss Society of Legal Medicine (SSLM) to organize the complete quality management concerning road traffic analyses. For this purpose a multidisciplinary working group was(More)
Aim: The nonlinear elimination rate of THC and metabolites in blood complicates the interpretation of last cannabis use, which is an important information in DUID cases. We evaluated cannabinoids in blood and hydrolysed urine from 50 DUID cases in order to gain additional information about last cannabis use. Methods: THC, THC-OH and THC-COOH were analysed(More)
The Combur Test is a ready-made and easy-to-use pretest for blood. It is based on the oxidation of tetramethylbenzidine (TMB), which is catalysed by haemoglobin and its derivatives. Despite its high sensitivity, there are many known substances which are responsible for false positive and false negative test results. On the basis of experiments of our own,(More)