Thomas Østergaard Tange

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The multiprotein exon junction complex (EJC) is deposited on mRNAs upstream of exon-exon junctions as a consequence of pre-mRNA splicing. In mammalian cells, this complex serves as a key modulator of spliced mRNA metabolism. To date, neither the complete composition nor the exact assembly pathway of the EJC has been entirely elucidated. Using in vitro(More)
Over the past decade many studies have revealed a complex web of interconnections between the numerous steps required for eukaryotic gene expression. One set of interconnections link nuclear pre-mRNA splicing and the subsequent metabolism of the spliced mRNAs. It is now apparent that the means of connection is a set of proteins, collectively called the exon(More)
The exon junction complex (EJC), a set of proteins deposited on mRNAs as a consequence of pre-mRNA splicing, is a key effector of downstream mRNA metabolism. We have identified eIF4AIII, a member of the eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4A family of RNA helicases (also known as DExH/D box proteins), as a novel EJC core component. Crosslinking and(More)
Splicing of a single HIV-1 primary transcript into more than 30 different mRNAs is regulated by a combination of suboptimal splice sites, cis-acting RNA splicing enhancers and silencers, and trans-acting factors. We have studied the splicing of the second tat intron (SD4 to SA7) and find that activation of splicing by SF2/ASF is mediated by a degenerate(More)
The exon junction complex (EJC) is deposited on mRNAs by the process of pre-mRNA splicing and is a key effector of downstream mRNA metabolism. We previously demonstrated that human eIF4AIII, which is essential for nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD), constitutes at least part of the RNA-binding platform anchoring other EJC components to the spliced mRNA. To(More)
BACKGROUND Natural products are an important source of drugs and other commercially interesting compounds, however their isolation and production is often difficult. Metabolic engineering, mainly in bacteria and yeast, has sought to circumvent some of the associated problems but also this approach is impeded by technical limitations. Here we describe a(More)
The splicing factor U2AF is required for the recruitment of U2 small nuclear RNP to pre-mRNAs in higher eukaryotes. The 65-kDa subunit of U2AF (U2AF(65)) binds to the polypyrimidine (Py) tract preceding the 3' splice site, while the 35-kDa subunit (U2AF(35)) contacts the conserved AG dinucleotide at the 3' end of the intron. It has been shown that the(More)
The exon junction complex (EJC) is a macromolecular complex deposited at splice junctions on mRNAs as a consequence of splicing. At the core of the EJC are four proteins: eIF4AIII, a member of the DExH/D-box family of NTP-dependent RNA binding proteins, Y14, Magoh, and MLN51. These proteins form a stable heterotetramer that remains bound to the mRNA(More)
Human topoisomerase I interacts with and phosphorylates the SR-family of RNA splicing factors, including ASF/SF2, and has been suggested to play an important role in the regulation of RNA splicing. Here we present evidence to support the theory that the regulation can go the other way around with the SR-proteins controlling topoisomerase I DNA activity. We(More)
Synthetic biology has been heralded as a new bioengineering platform for the production of bulk and specialty chemicals, drugs, and fuels. Here, we report for the first time a series of 74 novel compounds produced using a combinatorial genetics approach in baker's yeast. Based on the concept of "coevolution" with target proteins in an intracellular primary(More)