Thom H. Dunning

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To gain new insight into the nature of hypervalency, we have characterized the bonding across the entire SF(n) sequence (n = 1-6) with high-level quantum chemical theory (multireference configuration interaction and coupled cluster calculations using correlation consistent basis sets). In contrast to most previous studies, this work examined both the stable(More)
As a result of new studies into the nature of hypervalent molecules, we identified a new type of bond called a recoupled pair bond. Hypervalency or hypercoordination was shown to arise by decoupling a pair of valence electrons, each of which becomes available to participate in a new bond. Energy must be expended to decouple an electron pair, so the first(More)
In previous work, we reported that the lowest-lying excited states of SF, SCl, SF(2), SFCl, and SCl(2) have recoupled pair bonds. In this study, we examine the analogous low-spin states--the (2)Σ(-) and (2)Δ states of SF and SCl and the excited singlet states of SF(2), SCl(2), and SFCl--which also possess recoupled pair bonds. In contrast to the excited(More)
Using high-level MRCI and CCSD(T) quantum chemical calculations, we report structures, energetics, and other properties of the sulfur fluoromonochloride family (SF(n-1)Cl, n = 1-6). Our group previously studied the sulfur fluoride family (SF(n), n = 1-6) and found that several of the excited states of SF and SF(2) as well as the ground states of SF(3)-SF(6)(More)
We report electronic structure calculations on 13 states of the experimentally unknown manganese carbide (MnC) using standard multireference configuration interaction (MRCI) methods coupled with high quality basis sets. For all states considered we have constructed full potential energy curves and calculated zero point energies. The X state, correlating to(More)
It is well known that hypervalent molecules are more stable with very electronegative ligands such as fluorine. For example, while SF6 is uniquely stable and experimentally well characterized and many of the features of SF4 have been characterized, neither H4S nor H6S has been observed. Furthermore, no hypervalent sulfur species with mixed hydrogen and(More)
We have investigated the electronic structure of 14 states of the experimentally unknown diatomic molecule chromium carbide, CrC, using standard multireference configuration interaction methods and high quality basis sets. We report potential curves, binding energies, and a number of spectroscopic parameters. The ground state of CrC, X 3Sigma-, displays(More)
The number of singly occupied orbitals in the ground-state atomic configuration of an element defines its nominal valence. For carbon and sulfur, with two singly occupied orbitals in their (3)P ground states, the nominal valence is two. However, in both cases, it is possible to form more bonds than indicated by the nominal valence--up to four bonds for(More)
The ground states (X(2)A″) of HSO and SOH are extremely close in energy, yet their molecular structures differ dramatically, e.g., re(SO) is 1.485 Å in HSO and 1.632 Å in SOH. The SO bond is also much stronger in HSO than in SOH: 100.3 kcal/mol versus 78.8 kcal/mol [RCCSD(T)-F12/AVTZ]. Similar differences are found in the SO2 isomers, SOO and OSO, depending(More)