Thiyaneswaran Manoharan

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BACKGROUND Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) are detoxification enzymes, found in all aerobic organisms, which catalyse the conjugation of glutathione with a wide range of hydrophobic electrophilic substrates, thereby protecting the cell from serious damage caused by electrophilic compounds. GSTs are classified into five distinct classes (alpha, mu, pi,(More)
A human c-sis cDNA in an expression vector was introduced into human diploid fibroblasts by transfection or electroporation. Fibroblast clones showing an aberrant, densely packed colony morphology were isolated and found to overexpress a 3.6-kilobase sis mRNA species and associated immunoprecipitable platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) 2 proteins.(More)
To determine the location of the non-substrate-ligand-binding region in mammalian glutathione S-transferases, fluorescence-resonance energy transfer was used to calculate distances between tryptophan residues and protein-bound 8-anilinonaphthalene 1-sulphonate (an anionic ligand) in the human class-alpha glutathione S-transferase, and in a human Trp28-->Phe(More)
In order to identify amino acids involved in binding the co-substrate glutathione to the human glutathione S-transferase (GST) pi enzyme, we assembled three criteria to implicate amino acids whose role in binding and catalysis could be tested. Presence of a residue in the highly conserved exon 4 of the GST gene, positional conservation of a residue in 12(More)
Treatment of diploid human fibroblasts with an alkylating mutagen has been shown to induce stable, anchorage-independent cell populations at frequencies (11 X 10(-4) consistent with an activating mutation. After treatment of human foreskin fibroblasts with the mutagen benzo[a]pyrene (+/-)anti- 7,8-dihydrodiol 9,10-epoxide and selection in soft agar, 17(More)
Site-directed substitution mutations were introduced into a cDNA expression vector (pUC120 pi) that encoded a human glutathione S-transferase pi isozyme to non-conservatively replace four residues (Tyr7, Arg13, Gln62 and Asp96). Our earlier X-ray crystallographic analysis implicated these residues in binding and/or chemically activating the substrate(More)
COS cells transiently expressing glutathione S-transferase (GST) pi, Ya, or Yb1 (human Pi, rat Alpha or Mu, cytosolic classes) were purified by flow cytometry and used in colony-forming assays to show that GST confers cellular resistance to the carcinogen benzo[a]pyrene (+/-)-anti-diol epoxide (anti-BPDE). We developed a sorting technique to viably separate(More)
Expression vectors were designed and constructed to achieve optimum production of two different isozymes of rat glutathione S-transferase (GST) (EC 2.5.1.18) in COS cells, for studies of drug resistance. Promoter-enhancer elements from the simian virus 40 (SV40) early-region or the mouse alpha 2(I)-collagen gene, GST cDNAs encoding the rat Ya or Yb1(More)
Problem statement: Data generated in wireless sensor networks may not all be alike: some data may be more important than others and hence may have different delivery requirements, To solve this problem addressed a differentiated data delivery in the presence of congestion in wireless sensor networks and proposed a class of algorithms that enforce(More)
Mutants of Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO deficient in their utilization of DL-valine have been found to have lost their capacity to utilize DL-alanine and L-proline. Use of conjugal and transductional mediated gene transfers have established the chromosomal location of this gene and also its pleotropic function in the induction of the D-amino acid oxidase,(More)