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The anti-HIV agent (+/-)-calanolide A (1) has been synthesized in a five-step approach starting with phloroglucinol [-->5-->6-->11-->18-->(+/-)-1], which includes Pechmann reaction, Friedel-Crafts acylation, chromenylation with 4,4-dimethoxy-2-methylbutan-2-ol, cyclization, and Luche reduction. Cyclization of chromene 11 to chromanone 18 was achieved by(More)
Tight junction is a crucial structure in the control of paracellular transport across epithelial/endothelial barriers. This study investigated the protective effect of quercetin against hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2))-induced tight junction disruption and hyperpermeability in ECV304 monolayers. Nonlethal concentration of H(2)O(2) (100 micromol/L; 4 hours)(More)
Swertifrancheside [1], a new flavonone-xanthone glucoside isolated from Swertia franchetiana, 1 beta-hydroxyaleuritolic acid 3-p-hydroxybenzoate [2], a triterpene isolated from the roots of Maprounea africana, and protolichesterinic acid [3], an aliphatic alpha-methylene-gamma-lactone isolated from the lichen Cetraria islandica, were found to be potent(More)
Eleven biflavonoids, including amentoflavone (1), agathisflavone (2), robustaflavone (3), hinokiflavone (4), volkensiflavone (5), morelloflavone (7), rhusflavanone (9), succedaneaflavanone (10), GB-1a (11), GB-1a 7"-O-beta-glucoside (13), and GB-2a (14) isolated from Rhus succedanea and Garcinia multiflora, as well as their methyl ethers, volkensiflavone(More)
The pharmacological properties of geissoschizine methyl ether, isolated from Uncaria sinensis Oliv., were analyzed in vitro and in vivo using mice central serotonin neurons. In the in vitro experiment, geissoschizine methyl ether inhibited [3H]8-hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino)tetralin) ([3H]8-OH-DPAT) (K(i)=0.8 microM), [3H]mesulergine (K(i)=0.9 microM) and(More)
Two dihydroflavonol glycosides, engeletin and astilbin, were isolated from an EtOAc extract of the leaves of Stelechocarpus cauliflorus R.E. Fr. (Annonaceae). The inhibitory activity of engeletin against a recombinant human aldose reductase (IC50 value=1.16 microM) was twice that of quercetin as a positive control (2.48 microM), and 23 times greater than(More)
An A ring-secocycloartene triterpenoid, nigranoic acid (3,4-secocycloarta-4(28),24-(Z)-diene-3,-26-dioic acid, (1) was isolated from the stems of Schisandra sphaerandra, a Chinese traditional medicinal plant. Its structure elucidation and unambiguous NMR spectral assignment were achieved by the combination of 1D- and 2D-NMR techniques with the aid of(More)
Cisplatin-based chemotherapy frequently resulted in acquired resistance of cancer cells. The underlying mechanism of such resistance is not fully understood especially the involvement of autophagy and autophagic cell death. This study thus investigated whether an alteration in autophagy could be responsible for cisplatin resistance in the long-term exposure(More)
Soulattrolide (1), a coumarin isolated from Calophyllum teysmannii latex, was found to be a potent inhibitor of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase (RT) with an IC50 of 0.34 microM. Inhibition was remarkably specific, with no appreciable activity being observed toward HIV-2 RT, AMV RT, RNA polymerase, or DNA polymerases alpha or beta.
Satratoxins, members of the trichothecene mycotoxin family, have been known to be harmful to health. However, the mechanisms underlying the toxicity still remain unclear. The present study is undertaken to elucidate the mechanisms of the satratoxin H-induced cytotoxicity in PC12 cells. Satratoxin H caused cytotoxicity, which was reflected from apoptosis(More)