Thiruvengadam Kannan

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The objective of this report was to study the pharmacokinetics of rifampin (RMP), isoniazid (INH), and pyrazinamide (PZA) in HIV-infected children with tuberculosis (TB) treated with a thrice-weekly anti-TB regimen in the government program in India. Seventy-seven HIV-infected children with TB aged 1 to 15 years from six hospitals in India were recruited.(More)
Periodic drug resistance surveillance provides useful information on trends of drug resistance and effectiveness of tuberculosis (TB) control measures. The present study determines the prevalence of drug resistance among new sputum smear positive (NSP) and previously treated (PT) pulmonary TB patients, diagnosed at public sector designated microscopy(More)
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND Collection of one spot and one morning sputum specimen is recommended for tuberculosis (TB) drug resistance surveys. This was a retrospective analysis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis cultures isolated from two spot sputum specimens collected from smear positive TB patients in a TB drug resistance survey. It was conducted to understand the(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the effect of SLCO1B1 gene polymorphisms (rs11045819, rs4149032 and rs4149033) on rifampicin (RMP) concentrations in adult tuberculosis (TB) patients from south India. METHODS We genotyped adult TB patients for three SLCO1B1 gene polymorphisms-rs11045819, rs4149032 and rs4149033-and compared 2-h post-dosing RMP concentrations of the(More)
INTRODUCTION Sputum culture conversion in pulmonary multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is important to make treatment-related decisions and prevent transmission of disease. OBJECTIVE To identify factors associated with sputum culture conversion, and to determine time to culture conversion and the impact of culture conversion on successful treatment(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the pharmacokinetics of rifampicin (RMP), isoniazid (INH) and pyrazinamide (PZA) in adult tuberculosis (TB) patients and examine factors that influence drug pharmacokinetics. METHODS Adult TB patients (n = 101) receiving thrice-weekly anti-tuberculosis treatment in the Revised National TB Control Programme (RNTCP) were studied. The(More)
The aim of the study was to compare plasma concentrations of rifampicin (RMP), isoniazid (INH) and pyrazinamide (PZA) between tuberculosis (TB) patients with and without diabetes mellitus (DM). Two-hour post-dosing concentrations of RMP, INH and PZA were determined in adult TB patients that were studied with (n = 452) and without DM (n = 1460), treated with(More)
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES Variations in the N-acetyltransferase (NAT2) gene among different populations could affect the metabolism and disposition of isoniazid (INH). This study was performed to genotype NAT2 gene polymorphisms in tuberculosis (TB) patients from Chennai, India, and compare plasma INH concentrations among the different genotypes. METHODS(More)
Setting: India has one of the highest global rates of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB), which is associated with poor treatment outcomes. A better understanding of the risk factors for unfavourable outcomes is needed. Objectives: To describe 1) the demographic and clinical characteristics of MDR-TB patients registered in three states of India(More)
OBJECTIVES To compare the pharmacokinetics of rifampicin (RMP), isoniazid (INH) and pyrazinamide (PZA) between HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected children with tuberculosis (TB) and correlate it with TB treatment outcome. METHODS HIV-uninfected (n = 84) and HIV-infected (n = 77) children with TB receiving standard thrice weekly treatment were recruited from(More)
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