Thirunavukkarasu Sivaraman

Learn More
The refolding kinetics of cobrotoxin (CBTX), a small-molecular-weight ( approximately 7 kDa) all beta-sheet protein, has been monitored using a variety of biophysical techniques. The secondary structure formation and hydrophobic collapse occur as distinct events during the refolding of the protein. Complete secondary structure formation occurs prior to the(More)
The folding of cardiotoxin analogue III (CTX III), a small (60 amino acids), all beta-sheet protein from the venom of the Taiwan Cobra (Naja naja atra) is here investigated. The folding kinetics is monitored by using a variety of techniques such as NMR, fluorescence, and circular dichroism spectroscopy. The folding of the protein is complete within a time(More)
The screening of a small focused library of rhodanine derivatives as inhibitors of Bcl-2 proteins led to the discovery of two structurally related compounds with different binding profiles against the Bcl-XL and the Mcl-1 proteins. Subsequent NMR studies with mutant proteins and in silico docking studies provide a possible rationale for the observed(More)
Snake cardiotoxins are highly basic (pI > 10) small molecular weight (approximately 6.5 kDa), all beta-sheet proteins. They exhibit a broad spectrum of interesting biological activities. The secondary structural elements in these toxins include antiparallel double and triple stranded beta-sheets. The three dimensional structures of these toxins reveal an(More)
Cardiotoxin and neurotoxin analogues isolated from snake venom sources are highly homologous proteins (>50% homology) with similar three-dimensional structures but exhibit drastically different biological properties. In the present study, we compare the conformational stability of cardiotoxin analogue III (CTX III) and cobrotoxin (CBTX), a neurotoxin(More)
Ribavirin and its 553 analogues have been docked with NS5-methyltransferase of Dengue viruses using Glide-HTVS and Glide-XP computational tools and the compounds have been screened based on their Glide-Gscores to identify lead ribavirin analogues that may act as inhibitors to the enzyme. Upon studying the interactions of ribavirin triphosphate (RTP) and(More)
Understanding the relationships between conformations of proteins and their stabilities is one key to address the protein folding paradigm. The free energy change (ΔG) of unfolding reactions of proteins is measured by traditional denaturation methods and native hydrogen-deuterium (H/D) exchange methods. However, the free energy of unfolding (ΔG(U)) and the(More)
Cardiotoxin analogue III (CTX III) is a low-molecular-mass all-beta-sheet protein isolated from the Taiwan cobra (Naja naja atra) venom. A stable partially structured state similar to the "molten globule' state has been identified for CTX III in a 3% (w/v) solution of 2,2,2-trichloroacetic acid at 298 K. This stable state has been structurally characterized(More)
The mechanism of 2,2,2-trichloroacetic acid (TCA)-induced precipitation of proteins is studied. The TCA-induced protein precipitation curves are observed to be U-shaped. It is bound that the protein-precipitate-inducing effects of TCA are due to the three chloro groups in the molecule. Using cardiotoxin III (CTX III) isolated from the Taiwan cobra (Naja(More)
The cardiotoxin analogue III (CTX III), isolated from the Taiwan Cobra venom (Naja naja atra), is a sixty amino acid, all beta-sheet protein. The 2,2,2-trifluoro ethanol (TFE) induced unfolding of CTX III is studied under acidic conditions (pH 2.5). Using circular dichroism, 1-anilino-8-napthalene sulphonic acid binding and NMR experiments, it is shown that(More)