Learn More
Notch 1, Notch 2, and Notch 3 are three highly conserved mammalian homologues of the Drosophila Notch gene, which encodes a transmembrane protein important for various cell fate decisions during development. Little is yet known about regulation of mammalian Notch gene expression, and this issue has been addressed in the developing rodent tooth during normal(More)
The mouse Otlx2 gene is a new member of the paired-like family of homeobox genes whose human homologue, RIEG, is involved in Rieger syndrome, an autosomal-dominant disorder. One of the cardinal features of Rieger syndrome is dental hypoplasia, indicating that Otlx2/RIEG activity is essential for normal tooth development. Here, we analyzed the expression of(More)
Recent data suggest that dental cells utilize the evolutonarily conserved Notch-mediated intercellular signaling pathway to regulate their fates. Here we report on the expression and regulation of Delta1, a transmembrane ligand of the Notch receptors, during mouse odontogenesis. Delta1 is weakly expressed in dental epithelium during tooth initiation and(More)
The evolutionarily conserved Notch-mediated intercellular signaling pathway is essential for proper embryonic development of many tissues and organs. Recent data suggest that Notch receptors and their membrane-bound ligands Delta and Serrate are involved in both patterning and cell fate determination during odontogenesis. It remains, however, uncertain if(More)
Serrate-like genes encode transmembrane ligands to Notch receptors and control cell fate decisions during development. In this report, we analyse the regulation of the mouse Serrate-1 gene during embryogenesis. The Serrate-1 gene is expressed from embryonic day 7.5 (E7.5) and expression is often observed at sites of epithelial-mesenchymal interactions,(More)
Midkine (MK) and heparin binding-growth associated molecule (HB-GAM or pleiotrophin), constitute a new family of heparin-binding proteins implicated in the regulation of growth and differentiation (T. Muramatsu (1993) Int. J. Dev. Biol. 37, 183-188). We used affinity-purified antibodies against MK and HB-GAM to analyze their distribution during mouse(More)
The mammalian dentition is composed of serial groups of teeth, each with a distinctive crown and root morphology, highly adapted to its particular masticatory function. In the embryo, generation of individual teeth within the jaws relies upon interactions between ectoderm of the first branchial arch and the neural crest-derived ectomesenchymal cells that(More)
The reparative mechanisms that operate following carious and traumatic dental injury are critical for pulp survival and involve a series of highly conserved processes. It appears that these processes share genetic programs-linked to cytoskeletal organization, cell movement, and differentiation-that occur throughout embryogenesis. Reactionary dentin is(More)
Recent studies have shown that the pulp of human teeth contains a population of cells with stem cell properties and it has been suggested that these cells originate from pericytes. Molecules of the Notch signaling pathway regulate stem cell fate specification, while Rgs5 represents an excellent marker for pericytes. Pathological conditions such as dental(More)
Stem cells guarantee tissue repair and regeneration throughout life. The decision between cell self-renewal and differentiation is influenced by a specialized microenvironment called the 'stem cell niche'. In the tooth, stem cell niches are formed at specific anatomic locations of the dental pulp. The microenvironment of these niches regulates how dental(More)