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Notch 1, Notch 2, and Notch 3 are three highly conserved mammalian homologues of the Drosophila Notch gene, which encodes a transmembrane protein important for various cell fate decisions during development. Little is yet known about regulation of mammalian Notch gene expression, and this issue has been addressed in the developing rodent tooth during normal(More)
The mouse Otlx2 gene is a new member of the paired-like family of homeobox genes whose human homologue, RIEG, is involved in Rieger syndrome, an autosomal-dominant disorder. One of the cardinal features of Rieger syndrome is dental hypoplasia, indicating that Otlx2/RIEG activity is essential for normal tooth development. Here, we analyzed the expression of(More)
Recent data suggest that dental cells utilize the evolutonarily conserved Notch-mediated intercellular signaling pathway to regulate their fates. Here we report on the expression and regulation of Delta1, a transmembrane ligand of the Notch receptors, during mouse odontogenesis. Delta1 is weakly expressed in dental epithelium during tooth initiation and(More)
The main hard tissues of teeth are composed of dentin and enamel, synthesized by the mesenchyme-derived odontoblasts and the epithelial-derived ameloblasts, respectively. Odontoblasts are highly differentiated post-mitotic cells secreting the organic matrix of dentin throughout the life of the animal. Pathological conditions such as carious lesions and(More)
The evolutionarily conserved Notch-mediated intercellular signaling pathway is essential for proper embryonic development of many tissues and organs. Recent data suggest that Notch receptors and their membrane-bound ligands Delta and Serrate are involved in both patterning and cell fate determination during odontogenesis. It remains, however, uncertain if(More)
Midkine (MK) and heparin binding-growth associated molecule (HB-GAM or pleiotrophin), constitute a new family of heparin-binding proteins implicated in the regulation of growth and differentiation (T. Muramatsu (1993) Int. J. Dev. Biol. 37, 183-188). We used affinity-purified antibodies against MK and HB-GAM to analyze their distribution during mouse(More)
Notch-like receptors are found in organisms ranging from nematodes to mammals. In Drosophila, Notch plays a key role in cell fate decisions in the early nervous system. In this report we analyse the effects of excess Notch 3 activity in central nervous system (CNS) progenitor cells. A mutated Notch gene encoding the intracellular domain of mouse Notch 3(More)
Nestin is an intermediate filament most related to neurofilaments and expressed predominantly in the developing nervous system and muscles. In the present study we examined the in vivo distribution of nestin in human teeth during embryonic development and in permanent teeth under normal and pathological conditions. The results show that nestin is first(More)
Serrate-like genes encode transmembrane ligands to Notch receptors and control cell fate decisions during development. In this report, we analyse the regulation of the mouse Serrate-1 gene during embryogenesis. The Serrate-1 gene is expressed from embryonic day 7.5 (E7.5) and expression is often observed at sites of epithelial-mesenchymal interactions,(More)
Midkine (MK) is the first cloned gene in a new family of heparin-binding growth/differentiation factors involved in the regulation of growth and differentiation. We have analyzed the expression of MK mRNA and protein during tooth development in mouse embryos and studied the regulation of MK expression and the biological effects of MK protein in organ(More)