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- Kenneth John Günter, Thilo Stöferle, Henning Moritz, Michael Köhl, Tilman Esslinger
- Physical review letters
- 2006

We have studied mixtures of fermionic (40)K and bosonic (87)Rb quantum gases in a three-dimensional optical lattice. We observe that an increasing admixture of the fermionic species diminishes the phase coherence of the bosonic atoms as measured by studying both the visibility of the matter wave interference pattern and the coherence length of the bosons.… (More)

- Henning Moritz, Thilo Stöferle, Michael Köhl, Tilman Esslinger
- Physical review letters
- 2003

We report on the realization of a trapped one-dimensional Bose gas and its characterization by means of measuring its lowest lying collective excitations. The quantum degenerate Bose gas is prepared in a 2D optical lattice, and we find the ratio of the frequencies of the lowest compressional (breathing) mode and the dipole mode to be (omega(B)/omega(D))(2)… (More)

- Thilo Stöferle, Henning Moritz, Christian Schori, Michael Köhl, Tilman Esslinger
- Physical review letters
- 2004

We study 1D trapped Bose gases in the strongly interacting regime. The systems are created in an optical lattice and are subject to a longitudinal periodic potential. Bragg spectroscopy enables us to investigate the excitation spectrum in different regimes. In the superfluid phase a broad continuum of excitations is observed which calls for an… (More)

- Michael Köhl, Henning Moritz, Thilo Stöferle, Kenneth John Günter, Tilman Esslinger
- Physical review letters
- 2005

We have studied interacting and noninteracting quantum degenerate Fermi gases in a three-dimensional optical lattice. We directly image the Fermi surface of the atoms in the lattice by turning off the optical lattice adiabatically. Because of the confining potential, gradual filling of the lattice transforms the system from a normal state into a band… (More)

- Thilo Stöferle, Henning Moritz, Kenneth John Günter, Michael Köhl, Tilman Esslinger
- Physical review letters
- 2006

We create molecules from fermionic atoms in a three-dimensional optical lattice using a Feshbach resonance. In the limit of low tunneling, the individual wells can be regarded as independent three-dimensional harmonic oscillators. The measured binding energies for varying scattering length agree excellently with the theoretical prediction for two… (More)

- Kenneth John Günter, Thilo Stöferle, Henning Moritz, Michael Köhl, Tilman Esslinger
- Physical review letters
- 2005

We study a spin-polarized degenerate Fermi gas interacting via a p-wave Feshbach resonance in an optical lattice. The strong confinement available in this system allows us to realize one- and two-dimensional gases and, therefore, to restrict the asymptotic scattering states of atomic collisions. When aligning the atomic spins along (or perpendicular to) the… (More)

- Henning Moritz, Thilo Stöferle, Kenneth John Günter, Michael Köhl, Tilman Esslinger
- Physical review letters
- 2005

We have observed two-particle bound states of atoms confined in a one-dimensional matter waveguide. These bound states exist irrespective of the sign of the scattering length, contrary to the situation in free space. Using radio-frequency spectroscopy we have measured the binding energy of these dimers as a function of the scattering length and confinement… (More)

- Christian Schori, Thilo Stöferle, Henning Moritz, Michael Köhl, Tilman Esslinger
- Physical review letters
- 2004

We prepare a Bose-Einstein condensed gas in a three-dimensional optical lattice and study the excitation spectrum of the superfluid phase for different interaction strengths. We probe the response of the system by modulating the depth of the optical lattice along one axis. The interactions can be controlled independently by varying the tunnel coupling along… (More)

We have created one-, two-, and three-dimensional quantum gases and study the superfluid to Mott insulator transition. Measurements of the transition using Bragg spectroscopy show that the excitation spectra of the low-dimensional superfluids differ significantly from the three-dimensional case. A low dimensional gas can be created in a trap when the… (More)

We have created one-, two-, and three-dimensional quantum gases and study the superfluid to Mott insulator transition. Measurements of the transition using Bragg spectroscopy show that the excitation spectra of the low-dimensional superfluids differ significantly from the three-dimensional case. A low dimensional gas can be created in a trap when the… (More)