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The activation of N-methyl-D-aspartate-receptors (NMDARs) in synapses provides plasticity and cell survival signals, whereas NMDARs residing in the neuronal membrane outside synapses trigger neurodegeneration. At present, it is unclear how these opposing signals are transduced to and discriminated by the nucleus. In this study, we demonstrate that Jacob is(More)
Thiamin (vitamin B1) is a pharmacological agent boosting central metabolism through the action of the coenzyme thiamin diphosphate (ThDP). However, positive effects, including improved cognition, of high thiamin doses in neurodegeneration may be observed without increased ThDP or ThDP-dependent enzymes in brain. Here, we determine protein partners and(More)
BACKGROUND AA amyloidosis develops in patients with chronic inflammatory diseases. The AA amyloid proteins are proteolytic fragments obtained from serum amyloid A (SAA). Previous studies have provided evidence that endosomes or lysosomes might be involved in the processing of SAA, and contribute to the pathology of AA amyloidosis. OBJECTIVE To investigate(More)
Activated T lymphocytes express high levels of dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DP IV)/CD26. Recent studies support the notion that DP IV may play an important role in the regulation of differentiation and growth of T lymphocytes. This article gives a short overview on DP IV/CD26 expression and effects on immune cells in vitro and in vivo. A major focus of this(More)
We recently demonstrated the presence of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs)-1, -2, and -3 in AA amyloid deposits, which lead us to speculate that MMPs may participate in amyloidogenesis by either processing the precursor protein, or by degrading the amyloid deposits. Here we investigated this theory by determining the ability of MMP-1, -2, and -3 to degrade(More)
Spatial and temporal modulation of intracellular Ca2+ fluxes controls the cellular response of B lymphocytes to antigen stimulation. Herein, we identify the hematopoietic adaptor protein Dok-3 (downstream of kinase-3) as a key component of negative feedback regulation in Ca2+ signaling from the B-cell antigen receptor. Dok-3 localizes at the inner leaflet(More)
The COP9 signalosome (CSN) occurs in all eukaryotic cells. It is a regulatory particle of the ubiquitin (Ub)/26S proteasome system. The eight subunits of the CSN possess sequence homologies with the polypeptides of the 26S proteasome lid complex and just like the lid, the CSN consists of six subunits with PCI (proteasome, COP9 signalosome, initiation factor(More)
2-Oxoglutarate dehydrogenase (OGDH) is the first and rate-limiting component of the multienzyme OGDH complex (OGDHC) whose malfunction is associated with neurodegeneration. The essential role of this complex in the degradation of glucose and glutamate, which have specific significance in brain, raises questions about the existence of brain-specific OGDHC(More)
Two antibodies, BT14 and L101, detect a tumor-associated cell surface glycoprotein (gp130) whose properties in normal and diseased skin were assessed, and whose molecular identity was determined in this study. In normal skin, gp130 was constitutively expressed on dermal blood vessels and epidermal appendages, but not in interfollicular epidermis. Marked(More)
A well-described animal model was used to understand the molecular mechanisms of carcinogenesis and metastasis of gastric cancer at the protein level. Gastric cancer was induced in 12 Wistar rats by oral administration of N-methyl-N'-Nitro-N-Nitrosoguanidine (MNNG). The protein expression patterns of normal gastric tissue, gastric cancer, and corresponding(More)