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The activation of N-methyl-D-aspartate-receptors (NMDARs) in synapses provides plasticity and cell survival signals, whereas NMDARs residing in the neuronal membrane outside synapses trigger neurodegeneration. At present, it is unclear how these opposing signals are transduced to and discriminated by the nucleus. In this study, we demonstrate that Jacob is(More)
Thiamin (vitamin B1) is a pharmacological agent boosting central metabolism through the action of the coenzyme thiamin diphosphate (ThDP). However, positive effects, including improved cognition, of high thiamin doses in neurodegeneration may be observed without increased ThDP or ThDP-dependent enzymes in brain. Here, we determine protein partners and(More)
BACKGROUND AA amyloidosis develops in patients with chronic inflammatory diseases. The AA amyloid proteins are proteolytic fragments obtained from serum amyloid A (SAA). Previous studies have provided evidence that endosomes or lysosomes might be involved in the processing of SAA, and contribute to the pathology of AA amyloidosis. OBJECTIVE To investigate(More)
Human CD26 has dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP IV) enzyme activity and binds to adenosine deaminase (ADA). CD26 is costimulatory for lymphocytes and has a circulating soluble form (sCD26). DPP IV enzyme inhibition is a new successful type 2 diabetes therapy. We examined whether the ADA binding and catalytic functions of sCD26 contribute to its effects on T-cell(More)
Synapsin is an evolutionarily conserved presynaptic phosphoprotein. It is encoded by only one gene in the Drosophila genome and is expressed throughout the nervous system. It regulates the balance between reserve and releasable vesicles, is required to maintain transmission upon heavy demand, and is essential for proper memory function at the behavioral(More)
Stabilization and correct localization of mRNA are important features of renin synthesis. To elucidate the molecular basis of cAMP-mediated posttranscriptional control via mRNA stabilization, we analyzed the interaction of human preprorenin (hREN) mRNA 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR) with proteins of renin synthesizing Calu-6 cells and investigated their(More)
Chronic pancreatitis is a common inflammatory disease of the pancreas. Mutations in the genes encoding cationic trypsinogen (PRSS1) and the pancreatic secretory trypsin inhibitor (SPINK1) are associated with chronic pancreatitis. Because increased proteolytic activity owing to mutated PRSS1 enhances the risk for chronic pancreatitis, mutations in the gene(More)
The thiol-proteindisulfide-oxidoreductase (TPO, EC 1.8.4.2., proteindisulfide isomerase, EC 5.3.4.1.) is known as an cytoplasmatic enzyme, and is thought to be involved in the post-translational folding of disulfide containing proteins. Using monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies the authors were able to prove that this enzyme or an unknown homologous(More)
2-Oxoglutarate dehydrogenase (OGDH) is the first and rate-limiting component of the multienzyme OGDH complex (OGDHC) whose malfunction is associated with neurodegeneration. The essential role of this complex in the degradation of glucose and glutamate, which have specific significance in brain, raises questions about the existence of brain-specific OGDHC(More)
We recently demonstrated the presence of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs)-1, -2, and -3 in AA amyloid deposits, which lead us to speculate that MMPs may participate in amyloidogenesis by either processing the precursor protein, or by degrading the amyloid deposits. Here we investigated this theory by determining the ability of MMP-1, -2, and -3 to degrade(More)