Thilo Kähne

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Spatial and temporal modulation of intracellular Ca2+ fluxes controls the cellular response of B lymphocytes to antigen stimulation. Herein, we identify the hematopoietic adaptor protein Dok-3 (downstream of kinase-3) as a key component of negative feedback regulation in Ca2+ signaling from the B-cell antigen receptor. Dok-3 localizes at the inner leaflet(More)
2-Oxoglutarate dehydrogenase (OGDH) is the first and rate-limiting component of the multienzyme OGDH complex (OGDHC) whose malfunction is associated with neurodegeneration. The essential role of this complex in the degradation of glucose and glutamate, which have specific significance in brain, raises questions about the existence of brain-specific OGDHC(More)
The activation of N-methyl-D-aspartate-receptors (NMDARs) in synapses provides plasticity and cell survival signals, whereas NMDARs residing in the neuronal membrane outside synapses trigger neurodegeneration. At present, it is unclear how these opposing signals are transduced to and discriminated by the nucleus. In this study, we demonstrate that Jacob is(More)
Thiamin (vitamin B1) is a pharmacological agent boosting central metabolism through the action of the coenzyme thiamin diphosphate (ThDP). However, positive effects, including improved cognition, of high thiamin doses in neurodegeneration may be observed without increased ThDP or ThDP-dependent enzymes in brain. Here, we determine protein partners and(More)
Human CD26 has dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP IV) enzyme activity and binds to adenosine deaminase (ADA). CD26 is costimulatory for lymphocytes and has a circulating soluble form (sCD26). DPP IV enzyme inhibition is a new successful type 2 diabetes therapy. We examined whether the ADA binding and catalytic functions of sCD26 contribute to its effects on T-cell(More)
The ectoenzyme dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DP IV; CD26) was shown to play a crucial role in T cell activation. Several compounds inhibiting DP IV-like activity are currently under investigation for the treatment of Type 2 diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, colitis ulcerosa, psoriasis, multiple sclerosis, and other diseases. In the present study, we show that(More)
The CD95/Fas/APO-1 death-inducing signaling complex (DISC), comprising CD95, FADD, procaspase-8, procaspase-10, and c-FLIP, has a key role in apoptosis induction. Recently, it was demonstrated that procaspase-8 activation is driven by death effector domain (DED) chains at the DISC. Here, we analyzed the molecular architecture of the chains and the role of(More)
The metal-dependent membrane alanyl aminopeptidase (amino-peptidase N, APN, CD13; EC 3.4.11.2) is a well-established marker of normal and malignant cells of the myelo-monocytic lineage. It is also expressed by leukaemic blasts of a small group of patients suffering from acute or chronic lymphoid leukaemia. CD13-specific monoclonal antibodies do not bind to(More)
Adverse life events can induce two kinds of memory with opposite valence, dependent on timing: "negative" memories for stimuli preceding them and "positive" memories for stimuli experienced at the moment of "relief." Such punishment memory and relief memory are found in insects, rats, and man. For example, fruit flies (Drosophila melanogaster) avoid an odor(More)
BACKGROUND AA amyloidosis develops in patients with chronic inflammatory diseases. The AA amyloid proteins are proteolytic fragments obtained from serum amyloid A (SAA). Previous studies have provided evidence that endosomes or lysosomes might be involved in the processing of SAA, and contribute to the pathology of AA amyloidosis. OBJECTIVE To investigate(More)