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We have previously shown that radiation increases HIF-1 activity in tumors, causing significant radioprotection of the tumor vasculature. The impact that HIF-1 activation has on overall tumor radiosensitivity, however, is unknown. We reveal here that HIF-1 plays an important role in determining tumor radioresponsiveness through regulating four distinct(More)
The tumor microenvironment has a significant impact on tumor development. Two important determinants in this environment are hypoxia and lactic acidosis. Although lactic acidosis has long been recognized as an important factor in cancer, relatively little is known about how cells respond to lactic acidosis and how that response relates to cancer phenotypes.(More)
To identify prognostic factors in medulloblastoma, a common malignant brain tumor of childhood, expression of the oncogene c-myc was examined at the mRNA level by in situ hybridization. c-myc mRNA expression was observed in 30 of 72 tumors (42%). The c-myc gene copy number was determined by quantitative PCR from genomic DNA of paraffin-embedded tumors.(More)
Twenty-eight consecutive patients with a first attack of acute alcohol-induced pancreatitis were examined by computed tomography (CT). After a survey scan of the abdomen a rapid contrast bolus (400 mg I/kg) was given intravenously, and the contrast enhancement of the pancreatic parenchyma was measured from a consecutive series of pancreatic scans. Nine(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate the usefulness of serum concentrations of the complex of trypsin 2 and alpha 1 antitrypsin in diagnosing and assessing the severity of acute pancreatitis in comparison with serum C reactive protein, amylase, and trypsinogen 2 concentrations (reference markers). DESIGN Markers were measured in consecutive patients admitted with acute(More)
Despite improvements in surgical treatment and intensive care, mortality from severe acute pancreatitis remains high. We have carried out a randomised study of 60 consecutive patients with alcohol-induced necrotising pancreatitis to find out whether early antibiotic treatment can improve outcome. 30 patients were assigned cefuroxime (4.5 g/day(More)
Phospholipase-A2 has been suggested as having a role in the pathophysiology of acute pancreatitis. The inhibition of phospholipase-A2 was studied in vitro using 17 pharmacological agents in the search for a specific therapy for acute pancreatitis. The inhibitory effect was tested using an isotopic assay system with 2-palmitoyl-(1-14C)-labelled dipalmitoyl(More)
The present study examines the value of C-reactive protein (CRP) determinations in the assessment of the severity of acute pancreatitis and the correlation of CRP with serum phospholipase A2 activity and the clinical status. Fifty three patients with acute pancreatitis were studied; 17 with haemorrhagic pancreatitis and 36 with a mild form of the disease.(More)
Thirty-five patients with acute fulminant (hemorrhagic) pancreatitis, verified at laparotomy, were allocated to either pancreatic resection (18 patients) or peritoneal lavation (17 patients) therapy groups. Pancreatic resection was carried out by removing the distal pancreas well cephalad to the portal vein. For peritoneal lavation, two inlet silicone(More)
One hundred sixty eight patients with suspected serious pancreatitis were examined by dynamic CT. According to clinical data 103 of the patients had an oedematous pancreatitis (OP) and 65 a haemorrhagic-necrotizing pancreatitis (HP). Contrast enhancement (CE) of the pancreas was measured by dynamic CT during the first 24 hours after admission to the(More)