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We investigated whether interleukin-1 (IL-1), a mediator of inflammatory pain, also plays a role in pain induced by nerve injury. Female C57BL/6-mice with a chronic constrictive injury of one sciatic nerve, an established model of neurogenic hyperalgesia and allodynia, were treated with different doses (10-80 microg) of a neutralizing monoclonal rat(More)
We investigated the anti-hyperalgesic effect of neutralizing antibodies (AB) to tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF) in two murine models of neuropathy, the chronic constrictive sciatic nerve injury (CCI) which has a strong epineurial inflammatory component, and the partial sciatic nerve transection (PST), a 'pure' nerve injury model. In both models a single(More)
Ross syndrome consists of segmental hyperhidrosis with widespread anhidrosis, Adie syndrome, and areflexia. The cause of this disorder is unknown. Selective degeneration of cholinergic fibers or of neural crest-derived structures has been suggested. We present clinical and skin biopsy data of 4 patients, providing evidence of reduced cholinergic sweat gland(More)
Proinflammatory cytokines are supposed to play a major role in the pathophysiology of vasculitis and in the development of neuropathic pain. Here we studied the cytokine expression in sural nerve biopsy specimens from patients with vasculitic and other inflammatory and non-inflammatory neuropathies, and investigated whether an increased cytokine expression(More)
Inhibition of proinflammatory cytokines reduces hyperalgesia in animal models of painful neuropathy. We set out to investigate the consequences of this treatment for nerve regeneration. Here we examined the sequels of epineurial application of neutralizing antibodies to tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF) in chronic constriction injury (CCI) of the sciatic(More)
The epidermis is innervated by fine nerve endings that are thought to have important sensory functions including nociception. Their role in neuropathic pain is as yet unclear. We used rats with a chronic constriction injury (CCI) of the sciatic nerve, a model of painful partial nerve injury, to examine the temporal course of the epidermal innervation(More)
Tumour necrosis factor-alpha ( TNF-alpha) has been proposed as one of the key mediators of inflammatory diseases of the CNS such as multiple sclerosis. It has been shown to induce the expression of adhesion molecules which is a prerequisite for the transmigration of immune cells through the blood-brain barrier. We therefore investigated the role of(More)
One of the most commonly used experimental animal models for neuropathic pain is the chronic constriction injury (CCI) where four loose ligatures are tied around the sciatic nerve. One disadvantage of this model is the introduction of foreign material into the wound, which causes a local inflammatory reaction. Thus the distinction between the neuropathic(More)
The membranous labyrinth of the vestibular organ (examined in toto) in two unrelated species of subterranean rodents, Cryptomys sp. from Zambia and Spalax ehrenbergi from Israel, was in many parameters (streamline length, curvature radius, and cross-sectional area of the lumen) relatively or even absolutely (especially the cross-sectional area) larger than(More)
Partial sciatic nerve transection (PST) of the sciatic nerve of rats and mice is described as a model of painful neuropathy. The rationale for developing this model was to establish a simple partial nerve injury without application of foreign material. In contrast to the frequently used model of chronic constriction injury (CCI), PST allows to relate animal(More)