Thierry Touvier

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Dysferlin deficiency leads to a peculiar form of muscular dystrophy due to a defect in sarcolemma repair and currently lacks a therapy. We developed a cell therapy protocol with wild-type adult murine mesoangioblasts. These cells differentiate with high efficiency into skeletal muscle in vitro but differ from satellite cells because they do not express(More)
Skeletal muscles of subjects with advanced cancer undergo progressive wasting, referred to as cachexia. Cachexia is an important area for medical research because strategies proposed until now have yielded little benefit. We have recently identified necdin as a key player in fetal and postnatal physiological myogenesis and in muscle regeneration. Here we(More)
Orexin-A (OX-A) and -B (OX-B) peptides present in the hippocampus are considered to be exclusively contained in fibers arising from hypothalamus neurons, which were established as the only source of orexins (OXs). Because OX-A is known to exert excitatory actions in the hippocampus, we hypothesized that the level of OXs targeted toward the hippocampus may(More)
Nitric oxide (NO), generated in skeletal muscle mostly by the neuronal NO synthases (nNOSμ), has profound effects on both mitochondrial bioenergetics and muscle development and function. The importance of NO for muscle repair emerges from the observation that nNOS signalling is defective in many genetically diverse skeletal muscle diseases in which muscle(More)
Skeletal muscle regeneration mainly depends on satellite cells, a population of resident muscle stem cells. However, our understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying satellite cell activation is still largely undefined. Here, we show that Cripto, a regulator of early embryogenesis, is a novel regulator of muscle regeneration and satellite cell(More)
Adult skeletal muscle regeneration results from activation, proliferation, and fusion of muscle stem cells, such as myogenic precursor cells. Macrophages are consistently present in regenerating skeletal muscles and participate into the repair process. The signals involved in the cross-talk between various macrophage populations and myogenic precursor cells(More)
The aim of this study was to verify whether macrophages influence the fate of transplanted mesoangioblasts--vessel-associated myogenic precursors--in a model of sterile toxin-induced skeletal muscle injury. We have observed that in the absence of macrophages, transplanted mesoangioblasts do not yield novel fibers. Macrophages retrieved from skeletal muscles(More)
Regeneration of muscle fibers, lost during pathological muscle degeneration or after injuries, is sustained by the production of new myofibers by means of the satellite cells. Survival of the satellite cells is a critical requirement for efficient muscle reconstitution. Necdin, a member of the MAGE proteins family, is expressed in satellite cell-derived(More)
Improving stem cell therapy is a major goal for the treatment of muscle diseases, where physiological muscle regeneration is progressively exhausted. Vessel-associated stem cells, such as mesoangioblasts (MABs), appear to be the most promising cell type for the cell therapy for muscular dystrophies and have been shown to significantly contribute to(More)
Mitochondrial fission and fusion are essential processes in the maintenance of the skeletal muscle function. The contribution of these processes to muscle development has not been properly investigated in vivo because of the early lethality of the models generated so far. To define the role of mitochondrial fission in muscle development and repair, we have(More)