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The Swiss sublines of Roman high-(RHA/Verh) and low-(RLA/Verh) avoidance rats have been genetically selected for good vs. poor performance in two-way active avoidance since 1972. RLA/Verh rats show increased stress responses (e.g. freezing behaviour, ACTH, corticosterone and prolactin secretion) and adopt a more passive (or reactive) coping style when(More)
With the steadily increasing number of publications in the field of stress research it has become evident that the conventional usage of the stress concept bears considerable problems. The use of the term 'stress' to conditions ranging from even the mildest challenging stimulation to severely aversive conditions, is in our view inappropriate. Review of the(More)
Brain metabolites of progesterone such as tetrahydroprogesterone (THP) act on GABAA receptors and have anxiolytic properties. The formation of THP and its 5 alpha-reduced precursor, dihydroprogesterone (DHP) was measured in vitro in various microdissected brain areas obtained from males of two psychogenetically selected rat lines, i.e. the Roman(More)
Adult cortical neurons can produce tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA), an extracellular protease that plays a critical role in fibrinolysis and tissue remodelling processes. There is growing evidence that extracellular proteolysis may be involved in synaptic plasticity, axonal remodelling and neurotoxicity in the adult central nervous system. Here we(More)
The Roman high (RHA/Verh)- and low (RLA/Verh)-avoidance rats, originally selected and bred for rapid vs. poor acquisition of a two-way active avoidance response, differ in emotional reactivity and sensitivity to stressors in various other test situations. These behavioral differences are associated with particular neuroendocrine and neurochemical(More)
High novelty-seeking has been related to an increased risk for developing addiction, but the neurobiological mechanism underlying this relationship is unclear. We investigated whether differences in dopamine (DA) D2/3-receptor (D2/3R) function underlie phenotypic divergence in novelty-seeking and vulnerability to addiction. Measures of D2/3R availability(More)
Roman high- (RHA) and low- (RLA) avoidance rats are selected and bred for rapid versus non-acquisition of two-way, active avoidance behavior in a shuttle box. They also show a number of other behavioral differences which appear to be essentially related to emotional factors, the RLA rats being emotionally more sensitive. The ACTH secretory response to(More)
Δ⁹-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), through its action on cannabinoid type-1 receptor (CB₁R), is known to activate dopamine (DA) neurotransmission. Functional evidence of a direct antagonistic interaction between CB₁R and DA D₂-receptors (D₂R) suggests that D₂R may be an important target for the modulation of DA neurotransmission by THC. The current study(More)
The cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) has been involved in the brain aging process and recent papers have reported age-associated changes in enzyme activity in rat brain. The present study was undertaken to assess simultaneously PKA activity and regulatory (R) subunit levels during maturation and aging. Five cohorts of rats of different ages were(More)