Thierry Pozzo

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This experiment, which extends a previous investigation (Pozzo et al. 1990), was undertaken to examine how head position is controlled during natural locomotor tasks in both normal subjects (N) and patients with bilateral vestibular deficits (V). 10 normals and 7 patients were asked to perform 4 locomotor tasks: free walking (W), walking in place (WIP),(More)
The generation of accurate motor commands requires implicit knowledge of both limb and environmental dynamics. The action of gravity on moving limb segments must be taken into account within the motor command, and may affect the limb trajectory chosen to accomplish a given motor task. Exactly how the CNS deals with these gravitoinertial forces remains an(More)
This study compares the improvement and generalization of arm motor performance after physical or mental training in a motor task requiring a speed-accuracy tradeoff. During the pre- and post-training sessions, 40 subjects pointed with their right arm as accurately and as fast as possible toward targets placed in the frontal plane. Arm movements were(More)
In the human brain, homologous regions of the primary motor cortices (M1s) are connected through transcallosal fibers. Interhemispheric communication between the two M1s plays a major role in the control of unimanual hand movements, and the strength of this connection seems to be dependent on arm activity. For instance, a lesion in the M1 can induce an(More)
Vertical arm pointing movements in two directions (upwards and downwards), imposing two different loads (unload and 0.5 kg) and speeds (normal and fast) have been studied in six subjects. Movements were recorded using an optoelectronic system. Data analysis concentrated upon finger-tip kinematics. Significant effects of movement direction were recorded upon(More)
Sensory feedback from the moving limbs contributes to the regulation of animal and human locomotion. However, the question of the specific role of the various modalities is still open. Further, functional loss of leg afferent fibres due to peripheral neuropathy does not always lead to major alteration in the gait pattern. In order to gain further insight on(More)
Eight normal human subjects were asked to maintain monopodal equilibrium on a narrow beam (task 1) or bipodal equilibrium on an unstable rocking platform (task 2) for 5 s. Each task was performed under four experimental conditions: (1) in light, (2) in darkness, (3) in light while subject had to hold a full cup of water, and (4) as in 3, but with additional(More)
The purpose of the present experiment was to study the way in which the central nervous system (CNS), represents gravitational force during vertical arm pointing movements. Movements in upward (against gravity) and downward (with gravity) directions, with two different mass loads (hand empty and with a hand-held 0.5-kg weight) were executed by eight(More)
Five subjects performed arm upward and downward movements at different speeds (movement duration ranged from 0.26 to 1.2 s). Fingertip paths, velocity profiles and muscle activation patterns of arm and forearm were computed. Inspection of the electromyograph (EMG) revealed that for relatively slow speeds (>0.7 s) and for both directions, only the flexor(More)
Broca's area has been considered, for over a century, as the brain centre responsible for speech production. Modern neuroimaging and neuropsychological evidence have suggested a wider functional role is played by this area. In addition to the evidence that it is involved in syntactical analysis, mathematical calculation and music processing, it has recently(More)