Thierry Pélissier

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An analysis of Arabidopsis thaliana heterochromatic regions allowed the identification of a new family of retroelements called Athila. These 10.5 kb elements, representing ca. 0.3% of the genome, present several features of retrotransposons and retroviruses. Athila elements are flanked by 1.5 kb long terminal repeats (LTR) that are themselves bounded by 5(More)
The identification of a family of SINE retroposons dispersed in the genome of oilseed rape Brassica napus has provided the basis for an evolutionary analysis of retroposition in plants. The repetitive elements (called S1Bn) are 170 by long and occupy roughly 500 loci by haploid genome. They present characteristic features of SINE retroposons such as a 3′(More)
We have characterized the two families of SINE retroposons present in Arabidopsis thaliana. The origin, distribution, organization, and evolutionary history of RAthE1 and RAthE2 elements were studied and compared to the well-characterized SINE S1 element from Brassica. Our studies show that RAthE1, RAthE2, and S1 retroposons were generated independently(More)
Phosphorylation of eIF2α provides a key mechanism for down-regulating protein synthesis in response to nutrient starvation or stresses in mammalian and yeast cells. However, this process has not been well characterized in plants We show here that in response to amino acid and purine starvations, UV, cold shock and wounding, the Arabidopsis GCN2 kinase(More)
An analysis of Arabidopsis thaliana heterochromatic regions revealed that genomic sequences immediately flanking the major 180 bp satellite are essentially made of middle repetitive sequences and that most of these sequences correspond to defective Athila retroelements. Using YAC and λ clones, we evaluated the distribution of Athila elements in the(More)
The stability of epigenetic patterns is critical for genome integrity and gene expression. This highly coordinated process involves interrelated positive and negative regulators that impact distinct epigenetic marks, including DNA methylation and dimethylation at histone H3 lysine 9 (H3K9me2). In Arabidopsis, mutations in the DNA methyltransferase MET1,(More)
SINEs (short interspersed elements) are an abundant class of transposable elements found in a wide variety of eukaryotes. Using the genomic sequencing technique, we observed that plant S1 SINE retroposons mainly integrate in hypomethylated DNA regions and are targeted by methylases. Methylation can then spread from the SINE into flanking genomic sequences,(More)
Biogenesis of the vast majority of plant siRNAs depends on the activity of the plant-specific RNA polymerase IV (PolIV) enzyme. As part of the RNA-dependent DNA methylation (RdDM) process, PolIV-dependent siRNAs (p4-siRNAs) are loaded onto an ARGONAUTE4-containing complex and guide de novo DNA methyltransferases to target loci. Here we show that the(More)
The plasmodesmata and phloem form a symplasmic network that mediates direct cell-cell communication and transport throughout a plant. Selected endogenous RNAs, viral RNAs, and viroids traffic between specific cells or organs via this network. Whether an RNA itself has structural motifs to potentiate trafficking is not well understood. We have used(More)
Viroid infection is associated with the production of short interfering RNAs (siRNAs), a hallmark of post-transcriptional gene silencing (PTGS). However, viroid RNAs autonomously replicating in the nucleus have not been shown to trigger the degradation of homologous RNA in the cytoplasm. To investigate the potential of viroids for the induction of gene(More)