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In this MRI study, we aimed to provide new in vivo structural markers of asymmetry in motor and language networks in a population of healthy preterm neonates scanned at term equivalent age. Using diffusion tensor imaging and probabilistic tractography, we showed that, besides volume and microstructural asymmetries in the parieto-temporal part of the(More)
PURPOSE To determine the accuracy of 3.0-T pelvic magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in the preoperative assessment of endometriosis and to evaluate colon wall involvement after intrarectal gel administration. MATERIALS AND METHODS Institutional review board approval for this study was obtained, and each patient gave written informed consent. Forty-one(More)
The articulation of the four French nasal vowels and their oral counterparts has been investigated for four speakers, using magnetic resonance images of the three-dimensional oral and nasal tracts and the cross-sectional velar opening areas. The analysis suggests that the subjects' anatomy in the oral and nasal tracts influences the articulation, with(More)
PURPOSE To plot normal fetal lung volume (FLV) obtained with fast spin-echo magnetic resonance (MR) images against gestational age; to investigate the correlation between lung growth and fetal presentation, sex, and ultrasonographic (US) biometric measurements; and to investigate its potential application in fetuses with thoracoabdominal malformations. (More)
PURPOSE To evaluate in brain gliomas the relationship between tumor vascularity measured by MR-based maximum regional cerebral blood volume (rCBV) and tumor amino-acid metabolism based on maximum carbon-11 methionine (MET) uptake on positron emission tomography (PET). MATERIALS AND METHODS Eighteen patients with histologically proven primary brain gliomas(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Sex differences in white matter structure are controversial. In this MR imaging study, we aimed to investigate possible sex differences in language and motor-related tracts in healthy preterm neonates by using DTI and probabilistic tractography. MATERIALS AND METHODS Thirty-eight preterm neonates (19 boys and 19 girls, age-matched),(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Vascularity, metabolism, and histologic grade are related in gliomas but the exact determinants of these relationships are not fully defined. We used image coregistration and stereotactic biopsies to regionally compare cerebral blood volume (CBV) and (11)C-methionine (MET) uptake measurements in brain gliomas and to assess their(More)
This paper describes the real-time MRI technique and its use for the study of speech production. The two major problems, (i) the simultaneous recording of the MR images and the speech signal and (ii) the synchronisation of the images and of the speech signal, are addressed. Measurement accuracy on real-time images is evaluated by comparison with similar(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine an optimal b value to visualise prostate cancer using diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging at 3 T. METHODS Forty one patients with biopsy proven prostate cancer underwent 3 T diffusion-weighted MRI performed with 5 b values (0, 1,000, 1,500, 2,000, 2,500 s/mm(2)) using a 16-channel coil. Best lesion visibility, the central(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Preterm infants have a high risk of brain injury and neurodevelopmental impairment, often associated with WMA on conventional MR imaging. DTI can provide insight into white matter microstructure. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between WMA on conventional MR imaging and DTI parameters in specific fibers in(More)