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Rheumatoid arthritis is a common and debilitating autoimmune disease whose cause and mechanism remain a mystery. We recently described a T cell receptor transgenic mouse model that spontaneously develops a disease with most of the clinical, histological, and immunological features of rheumatoid arthritis in humans. Disease development in K/BxN mice is(More)
Phosphoinositide 3-kinases (PI3K) have long been considered promising drug targets for the treatment of inflammatory and autoimmune disorders as well as cancer and cardiovascular diseases. But the lack of specificity, isoform selectivity and poor biopharmaceutical profile of PI3K inhibitors have so far hampered rigorous disease-relevant target validation.(More)
The plasma membrane remodeling, including the early transverse redistribution of phosphatidylserine, is a general feature occurring in cells in which a death program has been induced. In most cases, studies of this kind have focused mainly on cells. In this study, we report a clear correlation between the degree of apoptosis induced by a variety of agents(More)
Ticks are blood-feeding parasites that secrete a number of immuno-modulatory factors to evade the host immune response. Saliva isolated from different species of ticks has recently been shown to contain chemokine neutralizing activity. To characterize this activity, we constructed a cDNA library from the salivary glands of the common brown dog tick,(More)
A better knowledge of biochemical and structural properties of human chromosomes is important for cytogenetic investigations and diagnostics. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) is a commonly used technique for the visualization of chromosomal details. Localizing specific gene probes by FISH combined with conventional fluorescence microscopy has(More)
The development of new analytical methods, aimed at profiling G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) ligands, regardless of the G protein-coupling pattern of their respective receptor, remains a key goal in drug discovery. Considerable evidence has recently revived the central role that could be played by extracellular-signal-regulated kinase (ERK), the(More)
Systemic vasculitides constitute a heterogeneous group of diseases. Autoimmunity mediated by B lymphocytes and their humoral effector mechanisms play a major role in ANCA-associated vasculitis (AAV) as well as in non-ANCA associated primary systemic vasculitides and in the different types of autoimmune connective tissue disorders and rheumatoid arthritis.(More)
To specify the incidence and risk factors for secondary autoimmune diseases (ADs) after HSCT for a primary AD, we retrospectively analyzed AD patients treated by HSCT reported to EBMT from 1995 to 2009 with at least 1 secondary AD (cases) and those without (controls). After autologous HSCT, 29 of 347 patients developed at least 1 secondary AD within 21.9(More)
AIDS-associated primary central nervous system lymphomas are late events that have an extremely poor prognosis. Despite different hypotheses, the brain localization of these B cell lymphomas remains an enigma. To better define the cell origin of the lymphomas and the possible role of the B cell receptor (BCR) in the brain localization and/or in the(More)
A novel chemical class of potent chemoattractant receptor-homologous expressed on Th2 lymphocytes (CRTH2 or DP2) antagonists is reported. An initial and moderately potent spiro-indolinone compound ( 5) was found during a high-throughput screening campaign. Structure-activity relationship (SAR) investigation around the carboxylic acid group revealed that(More)