Thierry Lombardot

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Pirellula sp. strain 1 ("Rhodopirellula baltica") is a marine representative of the globally distributed and environmentally important bacterial order Planctomycetales. Here we report the complete genome sequence of a member of this independent phylum. With 7.145 megabases, Pirellula sp. strain 1 has the largest circular bacterial genome sequenced so far.(More)
In the emerging field of environmental genomics, direct cloning and sequencing of genomic fragments from complex microbial communities has proven to be a valuable source of new enzymes, expanding the knowledge of basic biological processes. The central problem of this so called metagenome-approach is that the cloned fragments often lack suitable(More)
Members of the Bacteroidetes, formerly known as the Cytophaga-Flavobacteria-Bacteroides (CFB) phylum, are among the major taxa of marine heterotrophic bacterioplankton frequently found on macroscopic organic matter particles (marine snow). In addition, they have been shown to also represent a significant part of free-living microbial assemblages in(More)
Desulfotalea psychrophila is a marine sulfate-reducing delta-proteobacterium that is able to grow at in situ temperatures below 0 degrees C. As abundant members of the microbial community in permanently cold marine sediments, D. psychrophila-like bacteria contribute to the global cycles of carbon and sulfur. Here, we describe the genome sequence of D.(More)
The unexpected presence of archaea-like genes for tetrahydromethanopterin (H4MPT)-dependent enzymes in the completely sequenced genome of the aerobic marine planctomycete Pirellula sp. strain 1 (“Rhodopirellula baltica”) and in the currently sequenced genome of the aerobic freshwater planctomycete Gemmata obscuriglobus strain UQM2246 revives the discussion(More)
Virion DNA of bacteriophage 11b (Φ11b), which infects a psychrophilic Flavobacterium isolate from Arctic sea-ice, was determined to consist of 36,012 bp. With 30.6% its GC content corresponds to that of host-genus species and is the lowest of all phages of Gram-negative bacteria sequenced so far. Similarities of several of 65 predicted ORFs, genome(More)
The anaerobic oxidation of methane is a globally significant process which is mediated by consortia of yet uncultivated methanotrophic archaea (ANME) and sulfate-reducing bacteria. In order to gain deeper insights into genome characteristics of the different ANME groups, large-insert genomic libraries were constructed using DNA extracted from a(More)
Magnetotactic bacteria (MTB) are a heterogeneous group of aquatic prokaryotes with a unique intracellular organelle, the magnetosome, which orients the cell along magnetic field lines. Magnetotaxis is a complex phenotype, which depends on the coordinate synthesis of magnetosomes and the ability to swim and orient along the direction caused by the(More)
The dissimilatory reduction of sulfate is an ancient metabolic process central to today's biogeochemical cycling of sulfur and carbon in marine sediments. Until now its polyphyletic distribution was most parsimoniously explained by multiple horizontal transfers of single genes rather than by a not-yet-identified "metabolic island." Here we provide evidence(More)
In recent years, the planctomycetes have been recognized as a phylum of environmentally important bacteria with habitats ranging from soil and freshwater to marine ecosystems. The planctomycetes form an independent phylum within the bacterial domain, whose exact phylogenetic position remains controversial. With the completion of sequencing of the genome of(More)