Thierry Lavé

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The use of in vitro data for quantitative predictions of transporter-mediated elimination in vivo requires an accurate estimation of the transporter Michaelis-Menten parameters, V(max) and K(m), as a first step. Therefore, the experimental conditions of in vitro studies used to assess hepatic uptake transport were optimized regarding active transport(More)
BACKGROUND The major aim of this study was to develop a strategy for predicting human pharmacokinetics using physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) modelling. This was compared with allometry (of plasma concentration-time profiles using the Dedrick approach), in order to determine the best approaches and strategies for the prediction of human(More)
In this study, we investigated rational and reliable methods of using animal data to predict in humans the clearance of drugs which are mainly eliminated through hepatic metabolism. For 10 extensively metabolized compounds, adjusting the in vivo clearance in the different animal species for the relative rates of metabolism in vitro dramatically improved the(More)
The objective of this study was to use in synergy physiologically based and empirical approaches to estimate the drug-specific input parameters of PBPK models of disposition to simulate the plasma concentration-time profile of epiroprim in human. The estimated input parameters were the tissue:plasma partition coefficients (Pt:p) for distribution and the(More)
Generic physiologically-based models of pharmacokinetics were evaluated for early drug discovery. Plasma profiles after intravenous and oral dosing were simulated in rat for 68 compounds from six chemical classes. Input data consisted of structure based predictions of lipophilicity, ionization, and protein binding plus intrinsic clearance measured in rat(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate the performance of various allometric and in vitro-in vivo extrapolation (IVIVE) methodologies with and without plasma protein binding corrections for the prediction of human intravenous (i.v.) clearance (CL). The objective was also to evaluate the IVIVE prediction methods with animal data. Methodologies were(More)
The influence of the isolation procedure of hepatocytes, extracellular matrix (ECM) configuration and incubation medium supplementation by dexamethasone (DEX) on the cell morphology and on the gene expression of membrane transporters was examined in rat hepatocytes. The mRNA levels were determined using oligonucleotide microarrays, in liver, in suspension(More)
A mechanistic model was applied to quantitatively derive the kinetic parameters from in vitro hepatic uptake transport data. These parameters were used as input to simulate in vivo elimination using a fully mechanistic physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model. Fexofenadine and napsagatran, both BDDCS class 3 drugs, were chosen as model compounds.(More)
The objective of this work was to assess the pharmacokinetics of napsagatran, a low molecular weight thrombin inhibitor, after intravenous administration in a variety of laboratory animals, and prospectively to help design the first pharmacokinetic studies in man. Napsagatran is actively excreted into the bile and urine of various species and pronounced(More)
Various incubation conditions of human hepatocytes were compared for their accuracy in predicting the in vivo hepatic clearance (CL(H)) of model compounds. The test compounds were the highly cleared, low protein bound naloxone (in vivo CL(H) = 25 ml min(-1) kg(-1); free fraction = 0.6), the medium clearance, highly protein bound midazolam (CL(H) = 12 ml(More)