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BACKGROUND Mammal macrophages (MPhi) display a wide range of functions which contribute to surveying and maintaining tissue integrity. One such function is phagocytosis, a process known to be subverted by parasites like Leishmania (L). Indeed, the intracellular development of L. amazonensis amastigote relies on the biogenesis and dynamic remodelling of a(More)
BACKGROUND The thiopurine S:-methyltransferase (TPMT) genetic polymorphism has a significant clinical impact on the toxicity of thiopurine drugs, which are used in the treatment of leukemia and as immunosuppressants. To date, 10 mutant alleles are known that are associated with intermediate or low TPMT activity. To facilitate rapid screening of clinically(More)
In this study, we have established conditions for generating Leishmania amazonensis recombinants stably expressing the firefly luciferase gene. These parasites produced significant bioluminescent signals for both in vitro studies and the development of an in vivo model, allowing the course of the parasitism to be readily monitored in real time in the living(More)
BACKGROUND Because topical therapy is easy and usually painless, it is an attractive first-line option for the treatment of localized cutaneous leishmaniasis (LCL). Promising ointments are in the final stages of development. One main objective was to help optimize the treatment modalities of human LCL with WR279396, a topical formulation of aminoglycosides(More)
Langerin is a C-type lectin expressed by a subset of dendritic leukocytes, the Langerhans cells (LC). Langerin is a cell surface receptor that induces the formation of an LC-specific organelle, the Birbeck granule (BG). We generated a langerin(-/-) mouse on a C57BL/6 background which did not display any macroscopic aberrant development. In the absence of(More)
Here we engineered transgenic Leishmania infantum that express luciferase, the objectives being to more easily monitor in real time their establishment either in BALB/c mice--the liver and spleen being mainly studied-or in vitro. Whatever stationary phase L. infantum promastigotes population--wild type or engineered to express luciferase-the parasite burden(More)
Trypanosoma vivax, one of the leading parasites responsible for Animal African Trypanosomosis (Nagana), is generally cyclically transmitted by Glossina spp. but in areas devoid of the tsetse flies in Africa or in Latin American countries is mechanically transmitted across vertebrate hosts by other haematophagous insects, including tabanids. We followed on(More)
The production of cytokines by CD4 lymph node T lymphocytes derived from BALB/c mice recently infected in the ear dermis with high (10(6) parasites) or low (10(3) parasites) doses of Leishmania major metacyclic promastigotes (MP) was examined over a 3-week period following inoculation. Results were compared with those obtained when mice were injected with(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES The inoculation of a low number (10(4)) of L. amazonensis metacyclic promastigotes into the dermis of C57BL/6 and DBA/2 mouse ear pinna results in distinct outcome as assessed by the parasite load values and ear pinna macroscopic features monitored from days 4 to 22-phase 1 and from days 22 to 80/100-phase 2. While in C57BL/6 mice, the(More)
Affymetrix GeneChip oligonucleotide arrays are dedicated to analyzing gene expression differences across distinct experimental conditions. Data production for such arrays is an elaborate process with many potential sources of variability unrelated to biologically relevant gene expression variations. Therefore, rigorous data quality assessment is fundamental(More)