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Desensitization plays an important role in the rapid termination of G-protein signaling pathways. This process, which involves phosphorylation by a G-protein-coupled receptor kinase (GRK) followed by arrestin binding, has been studied extensively in the rod photoreceptor cell of the mammalian retina. In contrast, less is known regarding desensitization in(More)
Regulated signal transduction in discrete microdomains of the cell surface is an attractive hypothesis for achieving spatial and temporal specificity in signaling. A procedure for purifying caveolae separately from other similarly buoyant microdomains including those rich in glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored proteins has been developed (Schnitzer, J.(More)
Phosphorylation of G protein-coupled receptors is a critical step in the rapid termination of G protein signaling. In rod cells of the vertebrate retina, phosphorylation of rhodopsin is mediated by GRK1. In cone cells, either GRK1, GRK7, or both, depending on the species, are speculated to initiate signal termination by phosphorylating the cone opsins. To(More)
Polo-like protein kinase 3 (Plk3) has been proposed to regulate entry into S phase and promote apoptosis in response to oxidative stress. Its mRNA contains three AU-rich elements (AREs) in its 3' untranslated region (3'-UTR) that can contribute to the rapid degradation of labile transcripts. We investigated the possibility that tristetraprolin (TTP), a(More)
Clathrin-independent trafficking pathways for internalizing G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) remain undefined. Clathrin-mediated endocytosis of receptors including ligand-engaged GPCRs can be very rapid and comprehensive (<10 min). Caveolae-mediated endocytosis of ligands and antibodies has been reported to be much slower in cell culture (≫10 min).(More)
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