Learn More
UDP-N-acetylgalactosamine (GalNAc): polypeptide N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase (polypeptide GalNAc-T) catalyzes transfer of the monosaccharide GalNAc to serine and threonine residues, thereby initiating O-linked oligosaccharide biosynthesis. Previous studies have suggested the possibility of multiple polypeptide GalNAc-Ts, although attachment of(More)
  • T. Hennet
  • 2002
Galactose is transferred via several linkages to acceptor structures by galactosyltransferase enzymes. In prokaryotes, galactose is mainly found on lipopolysaccharides and capsular polysaccharides. In eukaryotes, galactosyltransferases, which are localized in the Golgi apparatus, are involved in the formation of several classes of glycoconjugates and in(More)
The ST6Gal sialyltransferase controls production of the Siaalpha2-6Galbeta1-4GlcNAc (Sia6LacNAc) trisaccharide, which is the ligand for the lectin CD22. Binding of CD22 to Sia6LacNAc is implicated in regulating lymphocyte adhesion and activation. We have investigated mice that lack ST6Gal and report that they are viable, yet exhibit hallmarks of severe(More)
Congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG), formerly known as carbohydrate-deficient glycoprotein syndromes, lead to diseases with variable clinical pictures. We report the delineation of a novel type of CDG identified in 2 children presenting with severe developmental delay, seizures, and dysmorphic features. We detected hypoglycosylation on serum(More)
We report on 8 patients with a recently described novel subtype of congenital disorder of glycosylation type Ic (CDG-Ic). Their clinical presentation was mainly neurological with developmental retardation, muscular hypotonia, and epilepsy. Several symptoms commonly seen in CDG-Ia such as inverted nipples, abnormal fat distribution, and cerebellar hypoplasia(More)
Defects of lipid-linked oligosaccharide assembly lead to alterations of N-linked glycosylation known as "type I congenital disorders of glycosylation" (CDG). Dysfunctions along this stepwise assembly pathway are characterized by intracellular accumulation of intermediate lipid-linked oligosaccharides, the detection of which contributes to the identification(More)
We investigated the possible involvement of oxidative mechanisms in the pathogenesis of influenza A/PR8/34 virus infection in mice. As a biochemical marker of oxidative stress, we determined the endogenous concentrations of the antioxidants glutathione and vitamins C and E in their reduced and oxidized forms in the lungs, liver and blood plasma of control(More)
Using the full-length amino-acid sequences of the human beta1,3 galactosyltransferase (beta3GalT)-I, -II and III enzymes as query, we have identified an additional member of the beta3GalT gene family within a sequenced region of the human chromosome 21 as found in GenBank. The novel human beta3GalT-V gene included an open reading frame of 933 bp encoding a(More)
Defects in the biosynthesis of the oligosaccharide precursor for N-glycosylation lead to decreased occupancy of glycosylation sites and thereby to diseases known as congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG). In the last 20 years, approximately 1,000 CDG patients have been identified presenting with multiple organ dysfunctions. This review sets the state(More)
N-linked glycosylation is an essential posttranslational modification of proteins in eukaryotes. The substrate of N-linked glycosylation, dolichol pyrophosphate (DolPP)-GlcNAc(2)Man(9)Glc(3), is assembled through a complex series of ordered reactions requiring the translocation of the intermediate DolPP-GlcNAc(2)Man(5) structure across the(More)