Thierry Hennet

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UDP-N-acetylgalactosamine (GalNAc): polypeptide N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase (polypeptide GalNAc-T) catalyzes transfer of the monosaccharide GalNAc to serine and threonine residues, thereby initiating O-linked oligosaccharide biosynthesis. Previous studies have suggested the possibility of multiple polypeptide GalNAc-Ts, although attachment of(More)
The ST6Gal sialyltransferase controls production of the Siaalpha2-6Galbeta1-4GlcNAc (Sia6LacNAc) trisaccharide, which is the ligand for the lectin CD22. Binding of CD22 to Sia6LacNAc is implicated in regulating lymphocyte adhesion and activation. We have investigated mice that lack ST6Gal and report that they are viable, yet exhibit hallmarks of severe(More)
BACKGROUND Diseases of glycosylation are rare inherited disorders, which are often referred to as congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG). Several types of CDG have been described in the last decades, encompassing defects of nucleotide-sugar biosynthesis, nucleotide-sugar transporters, glycosyltransferases and vesicular transport. Although clinically(More)
Congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG), formerly known as carbohydrate-deficient glycoprotein syndromes, lead to diseases with variable clinical pictures. We report the delineation of a novel type of CDG identified in 2 children presenting with severe developmental delay, seizures, and dysmorphic features. We detected hypoglycosylation on serum(More)
Galactose is transferred via several linkages to acceptor structures by galactosyltransferase enzymes. In prokaryotes, galactose is mainly found on lipopolysaccharides and capsular polysaccharides. In eukaryotes, galactosyltransferases, which are localized in the Golgi apparatus, are involved in the formation of several classes of glycoconjugates and in(More)
Within a few minutes after addition to L929 cells, tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF alpha) induced an increase in lucigenin-enhanced chemiluminescence that could be inhibited by superoxide dismutase. The generation of superoxide anion (O2.-) was sensitive to treatment with rotenone, antimycin A and cyanide, indicating that the signal originated from(More)
The conserved oligomeric Golgi (COG) complex is a tethering factor composed of eight subunits that is involved in the retrograde transport of intra-Golgi components. Deficient biosynthesis of COG subunits leads to alterations of protein trafficking along the secretory pathway and thereby to severe diseases in humans. Since the COG complex affects the(More)
N-linked glycosylation is the most frequent modification of secretory proteins in eukaryotic cells. The highly conserved glycosylation process is initiated in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), where the Glc(3)Man(9)GlcNAc(2) oligosaccharide is assembled on the lipid carrier dolichylpyrophosphate and then transferred to selected asparagine residues of(More)
Defects of lipid-linked oligosaccharide assembly lead to alterations of N-linked glycosylation known as "type I congenital disorders of glycosylation" (CDG). Dysfunctions along this stepwise assembly pathway are characterized by intracellular accumulation of intermediate lipid-linked oligosaccharides, the detection of which contributes to the identification(More)