Thierry Charles Coste

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Diabetic cardiomyopathy has been associated with a decrease in Na,K-ATPase activity and expression, as well as alterations in membrane lipid composition. The aim of this study was twofold; 1) to document in rats the effect of streptozotocin-induced diabetes on myocardial Na,K-ATPase and fatty acids, and 2) to evaluate the potential effect of a dietary(More)
Diabetic neuropathy is a degenerative complication of diabetes accompanied by an alteration of nerve conduction velocity (NCV) and Na,K-ATPase activity. The present study in rats was designed first to measure diabetes-induced abnormalities in Na,K-ATPase activity, isoenzyme expression, fatty acid content in sciatic nerve membranes, and NCV and second to(More)
Metabolic and vascular abnormalities are implicated in the pathogenesis of diabetic neuropathy. Two principal metabolic defects are altered lipid metabolism resulting from the impairment of delta-6-desaturase, which converts linoleic acid (LA) into gamma linolenic acid (GLA), and reduced nerve Na+, K+ ATPase activity. This reduction may be caused by a lack(More)
Diabetes mellitus induces a decrease in Na/K ATpase activity in man and animals, and this decrease plays a role in the development of diabetic neuropathy. Na/K ATPase is encoded by various genes, of which the ATP1 A1 gene is expressed predominantly in peripheral nerves and in erythrocytes. To investigate whether a polymorphism in the Na/K ATPase genes could(More)
Long-term prospective studies comparing the effects of conventional and intensive insulin therapy have linked diabetic hyperglycemia to the development of diabetic retinopathy, nephropathy, and neuropathy. The mechanisms through which glucose metabolism leads to the development of these secondary complications, however, are incompletely understood. In(More)
An imbalance in (n-6)/(n-3) PUFA has been reported in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. Glycerophospholipids enriched in docosahexaenoic acid (GPL-DHA) have been shown to regulate the (n-6)/(n-3) fatty acid ratio in the elderly. Here, we tested the effect of GPL-DHA supplementation on PUFA status in F508del homozygous CF mice. GPL-DHA liposomes were(More)
The medullary thick ascending limb (MTAL) of the kidney displays structural changes during long term diabetes. After twelve weeks of diabetes, there is controversy over the changes in Na,K-ATPase activity. To observe the long-term changes, we studied MTAL Na,K-ATPase activity and protein expression in diabetic animals 6 (6W) and 12 weeks (12W) after(More)
A deficiency in essential fatty acid metabolism has been widely reported in both human and animal diabetes. Fish oil supplementations (n-3 fatty acids), containing docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), were less effective on diabetic neuropathy than (n-6) fatty acids. This partial effect of (n-3) fatty acids might be attributed to the(More)
Several functional properties of Na,K-ATPase are strongly dependent on membrane fatty acid composition, but the underlying mechanism is still not well defined. We have studied the effects of two types of supplementations enriched in the w3 polyunsaturated fatty acids on the Na,K-ATPase and Mg-ATPase activities in sciatic nerve (SN) and red blood cells(More)
Type 1 diabetes induces several metabolic and biochemical disturbances which result in the alteration ofNa,K-ATPase, an enzyme implicated in the physiopathology of neuropathy Several fatty acid supplementations lessen this alteration. The aims of this study were to determine the possible relationships between Na,K-ATPase activity in nerves and red blood(More)