Thierry Charitat

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A method is proposed for the analysis of specular and off-specular reflectivity from supported lipid bilayers. Both thermal fluctuations and the "static" roughness induced by the substrate are carefully taken into account. Examples from supported bilayers and more complex systems comprising a bilayer adsorbed or grafted on the substrate and another(More)
A single lipid molecular bilayer of 17 or 18 carbon chain phosphocholines, floating in water near a flat wall, is prepared in the bilayer gel phase and then heated to the fluid phase. Its structure (electron density profile) and height fluctuations are determined by using x-ray reflectivity and non-specular scattering. By fitting the off-specular signal to(More)
Progress in the determination of structure and fluctuation spectrum of a floating bilayer system, as well as potential applications for biological studies, is reviewed. The system described here was first introduced by Charitat et al. (Eur Phys J B 8:583–593, 1999) and consists of a planar bilayer floating at 2–3 nm away from an adsorbed one on a solid(More)
We present here a neutron reflectivity study of the influence of an alternative electric field on a supported phospholipid double bilayer. We report for the first time a reproducible increase of the fluctuation amplitude leading to the complete unbinding of the floating bilayer. Results are in good agreement with a semi-quantitative interpretation in terms(More)
The diffusion law of DMPC and DPPC in Supported Lipid Bilayers (SLB), on different substrates, has been investigated in details by Fluorescence Recovery After Patterned Photobleaching (FRAPP). Over micrometer length scales, we demonstrate the validity of a purely Brownian diffusive law both in the gel and the fluid phases of the lipids. Measuring the(More)
Oxidation can intimately influence and structurally compromise the levels of biological self-assembly embodied by intracellular and plasma membranes. Lipid peroxidation, a natural metabolic outcome of life with oxygen under light, is also a salient oxidation reaction in photomedicine treatments. However, the effect of peroxidation on the fate of lipid(More)
Poly( L-lysine) (PLL)/hyaluronic acid (HA) multilayers are films whose thickness increases exponentially with the number of deposition steps. Such a growth process was attributed to the diffusion, in and out of the whole film, of at least one of the polyelectrolytes constituting the film. In the case of PLL/HA, PLL is known to be the diffusing species. In(More)
Understanding interactions between membranes requires measurements on well-controlled systems close to natural conditions, in which fluctuations play an important role. We have determined, by grazing incidence X-ray scattering, the interaction potential between two lipid bilayers, one adsorbed on a solid surface and the other floating close by. We find that(More)
Supported phospholipid bilayers are interesting model systems for biologists and present fascinating physical properties. The authors present an extensive experimental study of the dynamic properties of supported bilayers. The structure and the equilibrium properties of single and double supported bilayers were investigated with neutron reflectivity. The(More)
Adhesion in the biological realm is mediated by specific lock-and-key interactions between ligand-receptor pairs. These complementary moieties are ubiquitously anchored to substrates by tethers that control the interaction range and the mobility of the ligands and receptors, thus tuning the kinetics and strength of the binding events. Here we add sliding(More)