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Evidence is presented showing that a neuronal isoform of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) is expressed in rat pancreatic islets and INS-1 cells. Sequencing of the coding region indicated a 99.8% homology with rat neuronal NOS (nNOS) with four mutations, three of them resulting in modifications of the amino acid sequence. Double-immunofluorescence studies(More)
Clones which were selected from a Toxoplasma gondii expression library with the immune serum from a T. gondii-infected rabbit, were further screened using milk and intestinal secretions from mice which had been orally infected with T. gondii cysts. The gene products of several clones reacted strongly with milk IgA and weakly with intestinal IgA. Three of(More)
Forty-one single-chain variable region fragments (scFvs) directed against thyroid peroxidase (TPO) were obtained by phage display libraries constructed from thyroid-infiltrating B cells of Graves' disease patients. Among these scFvs, 24.4% used a Vkappa light chain whereas 75.6% shows a light chain of Vlamda origin. Study of light chain gene usage in the(More)
Human anti-thyroid peroxidase (TPO) autoantibodies (aAb) are generated during autoimmune thyroid diseases (AITD). Within recent years, increasing knowledge of the TPO-specific aAb repertoire, gained mainly by the use of combinatorial library methodology, has led to the cloning and sequencing of around 180 human anti-TPO aAb. Analysis of the immunoglobulin(More)
We previously showed that pancreatic beta-cells express neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) that controls insulin secretion through two catalytic activities: nitric oxide (NO) production and cytochrome c reductase activity. We now provide evidence that the endogenous protein inhibitor of nNOS (PIN) is expressed in rat pancreatic islets and INS-1 cells.(More)
GRA4, a dense granule protein of Toxoplasma gondii elicits both mucosal and systemic immune responses following oral infection of mice with cysts. We studied the antigenicity and immunogenicity of truncated and soluble forms of GRA4 expressed as glutathione S-transferase fusion proteins in Escherichia coli. Protein C (amino-acids 297-345) was particularly(More)
Autoantibodies (aAbs) to thyroid peroxidase (TPO), the hallmark of autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD), recognize conformational epitopes restricted to an immunodominant region (IDR), divided into two overlapping domains A and B. Despite numerous efforts aimed at localizing the IDR and identifying aAb-interacting residues on TPO, only two critical amino(More)
T and B cell epitopes of the major Toxoplasma gondii surface antigen SAG1 were studied following CNBr fragmentation. Three fragments, F1, F2 and F3, were obtained, of 19, 16.5 and 14 kDa, respectively. The positions of F1 F2 and F3 within the SAG1 protein were identified by N-terminal sequence determination. The F1 fragment located on residues 125-269(More)
The first line of defense of the host after primary infection by Toxoplasma gondii is the intestinal mucosal surface, which consists of epithelial cells, intraepithelial lymphocytes (IEL) (mainly of CD8 phenotype), mucus, and secretory Igs. T. gondii cysts were administered orally to CBA/J mice to determine whether parasite-specific cytotoxic IEL can be(More)
We provide immunocytochemical evidence that the neuronal isoform of constitutive NO synthase (cNOS) is expressed in the rat insulinoma cell line INS-1. Furthermore, using N omega-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), a pharmacological inhibitor of cNOS activity, we show that this enzyme is implicated in the modulation of insulin secretion in INS-1 cells.(More)