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BACKGROUND Lung cancer has the highest mortality-rate per cancer, with an overall 5-year survival <15%. Several non-randomized studies pointed out the high sensitivity of low dose computed tomography (LDCT) to detect early stage lung cancer. In France, Depiscan, a pilot RCT of LDCT versus chest X-ray (CXR), started on October 2002 to determine the(More)
BACKGROUND In patients treated with systemic glucocorticoids (GCs), it is unknown if beliefs about the treatment are associated with level of reported adherence. PATIENTS AND METHODS Cross-sectional study conducted in two departments of internal medicine during a six-month period. All patients receiving long-term GCs therapy were asked to fill in a(More)
Inserm has developed, since 1984, an information system based on a computer network of physicians in France. It allows for constitution of large databases on diseases, with individual description of cases, and to explore some aspects of the mathematical theory of communicable diseases. We developed user-friendly interfaces for remote data entry and GIS(More)
The increasing Internet coverage and the widespread use of digital devices offer the possibility to develop new digital surveillance systems potentially capable to provide important aid to epidemiological and public health monitoring and research. In France, a new nationwide surveillance system for influenza-like illness, GrippeNet.fr, was introduced since(More)
Most practitioners find disclosing the diagnosis of Alzheimer s disease (AD) to an individual with dementia very difficult. Literature results show a wide variability in attitudes and clinicalpractice, and diagnosis seems to be more often disclosed to caregivers than to patients. The objective of this study was to examine whether and how diagnosis of AD is(More)
BACKGROUND The lack of epidemiologic data on the prevalence of female urinary incontinence (UI) attending general practitioners (GPs) in France led us to conduct a cross-sectional study in our country. OBJECTIVES To determine the prevalence of UI and to assess its impact on the quality of life (QoL). DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS This(More)
BACKGROUND The case-hospitalization ratio (CHR) is a key quantity for the management of emerging pathogens such as pandemic influenza. Yet, few running surveillance systems prospectively monitor the CHR during influenza epidemics. Here, we analyze the proportion of recommended hospitalizations (PRH) among influenza-like illness (ILI) patients attended in(More)
Most of the methods used for estimating the influenza vaccine effectiveness (IVE) target the individuals who have an influenza-like illness (ILI) rather than virologically-proven influenza and access the healthcare system. The objective of this study was to estimate the 2012-2013 IVE in general French population, using a cohort of volunteers registered on(More)
Since the introduction in 1998 of an adolescent pertussis vaccine booster (for persons aged 11-13 years) in France, the incidence of pertussis in adolescents and adults has been unknown. We therefore undertook a study to estimate the incidence of pertussis in these population groups and to evaluate the feasibility of a real-time electronic surveillance(More)
BACKGROUND Neuraminidase inhibitors are thought to be efficacious in reducing the time to alleviation of symptoms in outpatients with seasonal influenza. The objective of this study was to compare the short-term virological efficacy of oseltamivir-zanamivir combination versus each monotherapy plus placebo. METHODS AND FINDINGS We conducted a randomized(More)