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BACKGROUND Employment is a major factor in maintaining living conditions of patients with chronic diseases. This study aimed to quantify the frequency and to identify the determinants of employment loss during the first years of HIV disease in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapies (HAART). METHODS The French PRIMO multicentre prospective(More)
AIMS To evaluate the interindividual variability in the plasma concentrations of lopinavir in the context of routine monitoring with or without treatment with a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor and to assess the interaction between the coformulation of lopinavir/ritonavir and efavirenz or nevirapine. METHODS Plasma trough and peak(More)
OBJECTIVES Many cases of acute autochthonous hepatitic E virus (HEV) hepatitis have been reported in France, mainly from the south. Chronic HEV infection has recently been described in immunosuppressed patients. Although a potential risk of chronicity exists in HIV-infected patients, no survey has been conducted in this population. The aim of this study was(More)
Q fever is a worldwide-occurring zoonosis caused by Coxiella burnetii. There are various clinical manifestations of acute Q fever, of which acute cholecystitis is a very rare clinical presentation. This study reports seven cases of acute cholecystitis associated with Coxiella burnetii and reviews two other cases from the literature. All patients were(More)
Optimizing therapeutic strategies for an HIV cure requires better understanding the characteristics of early HIV-1 spread among resting CD4+ cells within the first month of primary HIV-1 infection (PHI). We studied the immune distribution, diversity, and inducibility of total HIV-DNA among the following cell subsets: monocytes, peripheral blood activated(More)
OBJECTIVES To analyse immunovirological status during primary HIV-1 infection (PHI) according to contemporary clinical status and time since infection. METHODS Plasma HIV-RNA and peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) HIV-DNA levels and CD4 cell counts were determined at enrolment in the ANRS PRIMO cohort. Time since infection was estimated based on(More)
UNLABELLED Rapidly fatal cases of invasive fungal infections due to a fungus later identified as Saprochaete clavata were reported in France in May 2012. The objectives of this study were to determine the clonal relatedness of the isolates and to investigate possible sources of contamination. A nationwide alert was launched to collect cases. Molecular(More)