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Twist1 and Twist2 are major regulators of embryogenesis. Twist1 has been shown to favor the metastatic dissemination of cancer cells through its ability to induce an epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Here, we show that a large fraction of human cancers overexpress Twist1 and/or Twist2. Both proteins override oncogene-induced premature senescence by(More)
Understanding the mechanisms of cancer initiation will help to prevent and manage the disease. At present, the role of the breast microenvironment in transformation remains unknown. As BMP2 and BMP4 are important regulators of stem cells and their niches in many tissues, we investigated their function in early phases of breast cancer. BMP2 production by(More)
Hormone therapy is often used in association with chemotherapy in the treatment of estrogen-responsive breast cancers. By using breast adenocarcinoma cell lines, we show that antiestrogen treatment leads to a dramatic decrease of p53 protein levels. This effect leads to a loss of wild-type p53 response to genotoxic treatment. This inhibition is assessed by(More)
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