Thibault Martin

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Chemokines are potent mediators of cell migration and activation and therefore play an essential role in early events of inflammation. In conjunction with cell adhesion molecules, chemokines help to localize cells to a specific site and enhance the inflammatory reaction at the site. Clinically, elevated levels of chemokines have been found in a variety of(More)
Mn2+ binding to vesicles prepared from several different species of anionic phospholipids was determined as a function of temperature by electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR). The Mn2+ affinities of phosphatidylserine, cardiolipin and egg yolk phosphatidylglycerol all increased monitonically with temperature. Vesicles prepared from hydrogenated and natural(More)
Human monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) is expressed by a variety of cell types in response to various stimuli. MCP-1 expressed by the endothelium plays an important role in cell migration and activation. MCP-1 is a major chemoattractant for monocytes, T lymphocytes, and basophils. In the present study, we present evidence that the proteasome(More)
The alcohol dehydrogenases in yeast form one of the best-understood eukaryotic regulatory systems at the genetic level, but very little is known about their regulation at the biochemical level. We report on a simple whole-cell assay system for the induction of the inducible isozyme, alcohol dehydrogenase II, which has been used to show that no single(More)
Selection of petite strains of yeast (that is, strains unable to respire aerobically) on media containing allyl alcohol will result in enrichment for mutants at the ADC1 locus. This locus codes for the constitutive alcohol dehydrogenase, ADH-I, which is primarily responsible for the production of ethanol in yeast. The mutant enzymes are functional, and(More)
Two mutants of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, ccr1 and tpy1, have been found to interfere with the transport of small molecules across the inner mitochondrial membrane. Both also have the effect of interfering with the synthesis of a number of cytoplasmically located enzymes involved in gluconeogenesis, even when the cells are released from glucose repression.(More)
We have reported elsewhere (Wills, C. and Martin, T. (1984) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 782, 274-284) that one or more mitochondrial transport systems may be involved in the regulation of the inducible alcohol dehydrogenase of yeast, ADH-II. In order to investigate this phenomenon further, it was necessary to determine which of these systems operate in the cell(More)
An activity gel assay for fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase (FBP), the enzyme catalyzing the final step in gluconeogenesis in yeast, has been developed which can be used in conjunction with spectrophotometric assays to show that it is tightly co-regulated with the inducible alcohol dehydrogenase, ADHII. Both enzymes are repressed coordinately in aerobically grown(More)