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In developing cerebellar molecular layer interneurons (MLIs), NMDA increases spontaneous GABA release. This effect had been attributed to either direct activation of presynaptic NMDA receptors (preNMDARs) or an indirect pathway involving activation of somato-dendritic NMDARs followed by passive spread of somatic depolarization along the axon and activation(More)
Most physiological effects of sigma1 receptor ligands are sensitive to pertussis toxin, suggesting a coupling with cell membrane-bound G proteins. However, the cloning of the sigma1 receptor has allowed the identification of an intracellular protein anchored on the endoplasmic reticulum. Here, we show, using the isolated adult guinea pig brainstem(More)
Axons of cerebellar molecular layer interneurones (MLIs) bear ionotropic glutamate receptors. Here, we show that these receptors elicit cytosolic [Ca2+] transients in axonal varicosities following glutamate spillover induced by stimulation of parallel fibres (PFs). A spatial profile analysis indicates that these transients occur at the same locations when(More)
Several aspects of the central regulation of respiratory control have been investigated on brainstem-spinal cord preparations isolated from newborn rats whose dam was given 0.02% caffeine in water as drinking fluid during the whole period of pregnancy. Analysis of the central respiratory drive estimated by the recording of C4 ventral root activity was(More)
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA), a recessive neurodegenerative disease, is characterized by the selective loss of spinal motor neurons. No available therapy exists for SMA, which represents one of the leading genetic causes of death in childhood. SMA is caused by a mutation of the survival-of-motor-neuron 1 (SMN1) gene, leading to a quantitative defect in the(More)
Intracellular calcium concentration rises have been reported following activation of GABA(A) receptors in neonatal preparations and attributed to activation of voltage-dependent Ca(2+) channels. However, we show that, in cerebellar interneurons, GABA(A) agonists induce a somatodendritic Ca(2+) rise that persists at least until postnatal day 20 and is not(More)
Certain interneurons contain large concentrations of specific Ca2+-binding proteins (CBPs), but consequences on presynaptic Ca2+ signaling are poorly understood. Here we show that expression of the slow CBP parvalbumin (PV) in cerebellar interneurons is cell specific and developmentally regulated, leading to characteristic changes in presynaptic Ca2+(More)
Following the gradual recognition of the importance of intracellular calcium stores for somatodendritic signaling in the mammalian brain, recent reports have also indicated a significant role of presynaptic calcium stores. Ryanodine-sensitive stores generate local, random calcium signals that shape spontaneous transmitter release. They amplify spike-driven(More)
Certain interneurons contain large concentrations of specific Ca 2ϩ-binding proteins (CBPs), but consequences on presynaptic Ca 2ϩ signaling are poorly understood. Here we show that expression of the slow CBP parvalbumin (PV) in cerebellar interneurons is cell specific and developmentally regulated, leading to characteristic changes in presynaptic Ca 2ϩ(More)
The role of the axonal membrane compartment in synaptic integration is usually neglected. We show here that in interneurons of the cerebellar molecular layer, where dendrites are so short that the somatodendritic domain can be considered isopotential, the axonal membrane contributes a significant part of the cell input capacitance. We examine the impact of(More)