Learn More
In developing cerebellar molecular layer interneurons (MLIs), NMDA increases spontaneous GABA release. This effect had been attributed to either direct activation of presynaptic NMDA receptors (preNMDARs) or an indirect pathway involving activation of somato-dendritic NMDARs followed by passive spread of somatic depolarization along the axon and activation(More)
Axons of cerebellar molecular layer interneurones (MLIs) bear ionotropic glutamate receptors. Here, we show that these receptors elicit cytosolic [Ca2+] transients in axonal varicosities following glutamate spillover induced by stimulation of parallel fibres (PFs). A spatial profile analysis indicates that these transients occur at the same locations when(More)
Intracellular calcium concentration rises have been reported following activation of GABA(A) receptors in neonatal preparations and attributed to activation of voltage-dependent Ca(2+) channels. However, we show that, in cerebellar interneurons, GABA(A) agonists induce a somatodendritic Ca(2+) rise that persists at least until postnatal day 20 and is not(More)
Several aspects of the central regulation of respiratory control have been investigated on brainstem-spinal cord preparations isolated from newborn rats whose dam was given 0.02% caffeine in water as drinking fluid during the whole period of pregnancy. Analysis of the central respiratory drive estimated by the recording of C4 ventral root activity was(More)
Caffeine increases the amplitude of the Cl- currents evoked by capacitative Ca2+ entry (CCE) on thapsigargin-treated Xenopus oocytes. The caffeine-induced potentiation of the CCE process appears to rest on two distinct and additive components. The first component involves the cAMP second messenger system since it can be mimicked by either IBMX perfusion or(More)
Certain interneurons contain large concentrations of specific Ca2+-binding proteins (CBPs), but consequences on presynaptic Ca2+ signaling are poorly understood. Here we show that expression of the slow CBP parvalbumin (PV) in cerebellar interneurons is cell specific and developmentally regulated, leading to characteristic changes in presynaptic Ca2+(More)
Following the gradual recognition of the importance of intracellular calcium stores for somatodendritic signaling in the mammalian brain, recent reports have also indicated a significant role of presynaptic calcium stores. Ryanodine-sensitive stores generate local, random calcium signals that shape spontaneous transmitter release. They amplify spike-driven(More)
The role of the axonal membrane compartment in synaptic integration is usually neglected. We show here that in interneurons of the cerebellar molecular layer, where dendrites are so short that the somatodendritic domain can be considered isopotential, the axonal membrane contributes a significant part of the cell input capacitance. We examine the impact of(More)
Cerebellar unipolar brush cells (UBCs) are glutamatergic interneurons that receive direct input from vestibular afferents in the form of a unique excitatory synapse on their dendritic brush. UBCs constitute independent relay lines for vestibular signals, and their inherent properties most likely determine how vestibular activity is encoded by the cerebellar(More)
Most physiological effects of sigma1 receptor ligands are sensitive to pertussis toxin, suggesting a coupling with cell membrane-bound G proteins. However, the cloning of the sigma1 receptor has allowed the identification of an intracellular protein anchored on the endoplasmic reticulum. Here, we show, using the isolated adult guinea pig brainstem(More)