Thibault Bienvenu

Learn More
Urinary 6 beta-hydroxycortisol (6 beta OHF) is a specific marker of the induction of the cytochrome P-450 IIIA. Often, the production of 6 beta OHF is expressed from 24-h urine collection as the ratio 6 beta OHF/17-hydroxycorticosteroids or even better 6 beta OHF/free cortisol in order to adjust for minor day to day variation in adrenal cortisol production.(More)
Neuroanatomical, molecular, and paleontological evidence is examined in light of human brain evolution. The brain of extant humans differs from the brains of other primates in its overall size and organization, and differences in size and organization of specific cortical areas and subcortical structures implicated into complex cognition and social and(More)
Three groups of six 5-week-old Sprague Dawley female rats received i.p. injections of pregnandiol, 1.25, 2.50 or 5 mg/kg, respectively, in triolein daily for 7 days. Caffeine metabolism was studied in liver slices on day 8 by HPLC. Only primary metabolites were formed. N-1 demethylation was the most important pathway (theobromine represented 51% of total(More)
OBJECTIVE Cytochrome P450 III (CYP III) has previously been demonstrated in vitro in fetal liver. METHODS A study was performed in 7 premature, 13 term neonates and 30 infants to assess whether or not maturation had any influence on CYP IIIA activity in children from birth to 1 year of age. A simple non invasive procedure was used (6 beta OHF/FF(More)
Two groups of six male Sprague-Dawley hypophysectomized rats (operated on day 0), 8 weeks old, treated by sc tetracosactid (ACTH, 10 micrograms every 24 hr), thyroxine (5 micrograms/100 g every 24 hr) and desmopressin (240 ng/kg/24 hr continuous infusion) received SC either saline (group I) or human growth hormone (hGH, 120 micrograms/24 hr) (group II)(More)
The metabolism of caffeine was investigated in liver slices from newborn, preweanling, postweanling, and adult rats. All metabolites were identified and quantified by HPLC without using radioactive compound. Caffeine metabolism underwent dramatic changes during maturation in rats. The specific activity of the enzyme system was extremely low when liver(More)
Many commonly used drugs are substrates for hepatic cytochrome P-450 3A in human beings, and its role in the metabolism of potentially toxic immunosuppressants has been highlighted (cyclosporine, FK 506). One hundred fifty human liver grafts were biopsied before and after liver transplantation, and levels of cytochromes P-450 3A, 1A2, 2D6 and 2C were(More)
Two groups of 8-week-old Sprague-Dawley male rats were used: 8 hypophysectomized (H[-]), operated on day 0, treated by daily sc tetracosactid (ACTHs: 10 micrograms), and thyroxine (T4:5 micrograms/100 g); 7 sham-operated, treated by sc saline solution. ACTHs, T4, saline solution were administered on days 7-16. The animals received po caffeine (CAF) 4 mg/kg(More)
  • 1