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OBJECTIVE This study aimed to describe the clinical results of intrahemorrhoidal application of a diode laser. BACKGROUND DATA Hemorrhoids are a common source of pain, and no surgical technique achieves a painless outcome. Endovascular laser therapy for varicose veins as described in an experimental study is a method that could be used in the treatment of(More)
Background: The surface electromyogra-phy (EMG) is a technique to capture and measure electrical activity and muscle action potential. It is applied to specify the production of force and to analyze muscle fatigue. The Root Mean Square (RMS) value has been used to quantify the electric signal because it reflects the physiological activity in the motor unit(More)
To evaluate the modulation of proinflammatory (interleukin-6, IL-6; tumor necrosis factor-α, TNF-α; and interferon-γ, IFN-γ) and anti-inflammatory cytokines (transforming growth factor-β1, TGF-β1) in the inflammation processes in vivo with low-level laser action, 50 isogenic mice were randomly distributed into three groups: control (no surgical procedure, n(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies have shown that an early start of open kinetic chain (OKC) exercises for quadriceps strengthening in a full range of motion (ROM) could increase anterior knee laxity after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction with flexor tendons. However, there are no clinical trials that evaluated outcomes of OKC exercises in a(More)
OBJECTIVES To estimate the effects of low level laser therapy in combination with a programme of exercises on pain, functionality, range of motion, muscular strength and quality of life in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee. DESIGN A randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial with sequential allocation of patients to different treatment(More)
STUDY DESIGN Randomized clinical trial. OBJECTIVE To investigate the influence of strengthening the hip abductor and lateral rotator musculature on pain and function of females with patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS). BACKGROUND Hip muscle weakness in women athletes has been the focus of many recent studies and is suggested as an important impairment(More)
STUDY DESIGN Cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVE To compare the hip strength of sedentary females with either unilateral or bilateral patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) to a control group of sedentary females of similar demographics without PFPS. BACKGROUND It has been suggested that hip muscle weakness may be an important factor in the etiology of young(More)
STUDY DESIGN Randomized controlled trial. OBJECTIVES To determine if adding hip-strengthening exercises to a conventional knee exercise program produces better long-term outcomes than conventional knee exercises alone in women with patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS). BACKGROUND Recent studies have shown that a hip-strengthening program reduces pain and(More)
BACKGROUND Several forms of conservative treatment have been the focus of many recent studies in knee osteoarthritis (OA). Among these techniques, the application of pulsed shortwave (PSW) treatment has been widely used, but the optimal dose and application time have not been well established. Objective The purposes of this study were: (1) evaluate the(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE The results of low-level infrared laser (LLL) systemic action on inflammatory modulation process, specifically diminishing pro-inflammatory and producing anti-inflammatory cytokines are extremely controversial in the literature. More studies are necessary to clarify the biomodulation process. The main objective was to investigate(More)