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Image overlay projection is a form of augmented reality that allows surgeons to view underlying anatomical structures directly on the patient surface. It improves intuitiveness of computer-aided surgery by removing the need for sight diversion between the patient and a display screen and has been reported to assist in 3-D understanding of anatomical(More)
Percutaneous needle intervention based on PET/CT images is effective, but exposes the patient to unnecessary radiation due to the increased number of CT scans required. Computer assisted intervention can reduce the number of scans, but requires handling, matching and visualization of two different datasets. While one dataset is used for target definition(More)
Presenting visual feedback for image-guided surgery on a monitor requires the surgeon to perform time-consuming comparisons and diversion of sight and attention away from the patient. Deficiencies in previously developed augmented reality systems for image-guided surgery have, however, prevented the general acceptance of any one technique as a viable(More)
This work presents an evaluation of a novel augmented reality approach for the visualisation of real time guidance of an ablation tool to a tumor in open liver surgery. The approach uses a portable image overlay device, directly integrated into a liver surgical navigation system, to display guidance graphics along with underlying anatomical structures(More)
The human face is a vital component of our identity and many people undergo medical aesthetics procedures in order to achieve an ideal or desired look. However, communication between physician and patient is fundamental to understand the patient’s wishes and to achieve the desired results. To date, most plastic surgeons rely on either “free hand” 2D(More)
Navigated ultrasound (US) imaging is used for the intra-operative acquisition of 3D image data during image-guided surgery. The presented approach includes the design of a compact and easy to use US calibration device and its integration into a software application for navigated liver surgery. User interaction during the calibration process is minimized(More)
In this work, we present an end-to-end framework for precise large-scale mapping with applications in autonomous driving. In special, the problem of mapping complex environments, with features changing from tree-lined streets to urban areas with dense traffic, is studied. The robotic car is equipped with a odometry sensor, a 3D LiDAR Velodyne HDL-32E, a(More)
Mapping and localization are fundamental problems in autonomous robotics. Autonomous robots need to know where they are in their area of operation to navigate through it and to perform activities of interest. In this paper, we propose an Image-Based Global Localization (VibGL) system that uses Virtual Generalizing Random Access Memory Weightless Neural(More)
We present the Model-Predictive Motion Planner (MPMP) of the Intelligent Autonomous Robotic Automobile (IARA). IARA is a fully autonomous car that uses a path planner to compute a path from its current position to the desired destination. Using this path, the current position, a goal in the path and a map, IARA's MPMP is able to compute smooth trajectories(More)