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This study examined the relationship between feed efficiency and performance, and feeding behavior, blood metabolic variables, and various ultrasonic measurements in finishing beef heifers. Within-animal repeatability estimates of feed intake and behavior, performance, feed efficiency, ultrasonic body measures, and plasma analytes across the growing and(More)
The objective of this study was to determine the effect of dietary concentration of dl-malic acid (MA) on DMI, CH(4) emission, and rumen fermentation in beef cattle. Two Latin square experiments were conducted. In Exp. 1, six beef heifers (19 +/- 1 mo old) were assigned in a duplicated Latin square to 1 of 3 dietary concentrations of MA on a DMI basis (0%,(More)
The objectives of this study were to determine the relative effect of feeding corn silage (CS), fermented whole-crop wheat (FWCW), and urea-treated processed whole-crop wheat (UPWCW) compared with grass silage (GS), each supplemented with concentrates, on forage intake, ruminal fermentation, microbial protein synthesis, some plasma metabolites, and ruminal(More)
This study aimed to quantify the methane emissions and feed intake, performance, carcass traits, digestibility, and rumen fermentation characteristics of finishing beef cattle offered diets based on whole-crop wheat (WCW) silages differing in grain content and to rank these relative to diets based on grass silage (GS) and ad libitum concentrates (ALC). In(More)
The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of level of 1) pregrazing herbage mass (HM) and 2) level of daily herbage allowance (DHA) on the performance and fatty acid (FA) composition of milk from grazing dairy cows. Sixty-eight Holstein-Friesian dairy cows were allocated to either a high or low pregrazing HM (1,700 vs. 2,400 kg of DM/ha; >40(More)
AIMS Methane emissions from ruminants are a significant contributor to global greenhouse gas production. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of diet on microbial communities in the rumen of steers. METHODS AND RESULTS The effects of dietary alteration (50 : 50 vs 90 : 10 concentrate-forage ratio, and inclusion of soya oil) on methanogenic and(More)
Patients with axillary-subclavian vein thrombosis often have a poor outcome when treated with intravenous heparin sodium and oral warfarin sodium. Four patients were therefore treated with thrombolytic therapy. Good initial and excellent long-term results were achieved. In follow-up that has ranged up to four years, these patients do not have the common(More)
This experiment aimed to quantify the methane emissions and intake, digestibility, performance, and carcass characteristics of finishing beef cattle offered maize (Zea mays) silages harvested at 1 of 4 sequential stages of maturity and to relate these values to those obtained from animals offered an ad libitum concentrate-based diet. Sixty continental(More)
The objective of the present study was to compare the enteric methane (CH4) emissions and milk production of spring-calving Holstein-Friesian cows offered either a grazed perennial ryegrass diet or a total mixed ration (TMR) diet for 10 wk in early lactation. Forty-eight spring-calving Holstein-Friesian dairy cows were randomly assigned to 1 of 2(More)
AIMS Anaerobic rumen fungi (Neocallimastigales) play important roles in the breakdown of complex, cellulose-rich material. Subsequent decomposition products are utilized by other microbes, including methanogens. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of dietary changes on anaerobic rumen fungi diversity. METHODS AND RESULTS Altered diets(More)