Theresa S. Chen

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Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are increased in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and have been implicated as mediators of intestinal inflammation. We investigated the hypothesis that antioxidants with diverse properties attenuate disease progression in a murine dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced colitis model. These antioxidants were (A)(More)
UNLABELLED Although recent evidence suggests that down-regulation of production of the adipocyte hormone adiponectin has pathophysiological consequences for the development of alcoholic liver disease (ALD), the underlying mechanisms are elusive. Abnormal hepatic methionine-homocysteine metabolism induced by prolonged alcohol exposure has been reported both(More)
BACKGROUND There is no cure for autoimmune chronic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). IBD patients commonly use complementary and alternative medications of which the safety, efficacy, and interaction with standard-of-care therapies are not fully known. Thus the consequences can become life-threatening. Sulfasalazine commonly used in IBD, potentially has(More)
The reactive oxygen species-sensitive transcription nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) plays a pivotal role in the development of acetaminophen (APAP) hepatotoxicity. We investigated the efficacy of a diverse series of antioxidants in preventing APAP-induced hepatotoxicity. BALB/c mice were divided into four groups and provided with antioxidants incorporated(More)
UNLABELLED Based on animal studies and pilot studies in humans, betaine, a methyl donor for the remethylation of homocysteine, may be a therapeutic agent for nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). We evaluated the safety and efficacy of betaine for patients with NASH and whether betaine positively modified factors postulated to be "second hits" and underlying(More)
Alcoholic liver disease (ALD) remains an important complication and cause of morbidity and mortality from alcohol abuse. Major developments in our understanding of the mechanisms of ALD over the past decade are now being translated into new forms of therapy for this disease process which currently has no FDA approved treatment. Cytokines are low molecular(More)
In alcoholic liver disease, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha) is a critical effector molecule, and abnormal methionine metabolism is a fundamental acquired metabolic abnormality. Although hepatocytes are resistant to TNFalpha-induced killing under normal circumstances, previous studies have shown that primary hepatocytes from rats chronically fed(More)
Oxidant-mediated injury plays an important role in the pathophysiology of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Recently, antioxidants were shown to modulate colitis in mice. In this study, the protective effects of L-cysteine and glutathione (GSH) prodrugs are further evaluated against progression of colitis in a murine model. ICR mice were fed compounds(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Dietary copper deficiency is associated with a variety of manifestations of the metabolic syndrome, including hyperlipidemia and fatty liver. Fructose feeding has been reported to exacerbate complications of copper deficiency. In this study, we investigated whether copper deficiency plays a role in fructose-induced fatty liver and explored(More)
HUANG, K. C., AND THERESA S. T. CHEN. Ion transport intestinal mucosa of winterjlounder, Pseudopleuronectes americanus. Am. J, Physiol. 220(6): 1734-1738. 197 1 .-Isolated winter flounder small intestine mounted in an Ussing chamber and bathed on both sides with teleost fish Ringer solution showed a PD ranging from 1 to 5 mv, with the serosa being(More)