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Chromosomal rearrangements involving the H3K4 methyltransferase mixed-lineage leukemia (MLL) trigger aberrant gene expression in hematopoietic progenitors and give rise to an aggressive subtype of acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Insights into MLL fusion-mediated leukemogenesis have not yet translated into better therapies because MLL is difficult to target(More)
In chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), BCR/ABL-mediated oncogenic signaling can be targeted with the BCR/ABL-inhibitors Imatinib, Nilotinib and Dasatinib. However, these agents may also affect anti-tumor immunity. Here, we analyzed the effects of the 3 BCR/ABL-inhibitors on natural killer (NK) cell reactivity. Exposure of CML cells (K562, Meg-01) to(More)
Natural killer (NK) cells play an important role in cancer immunosurveillance and may prevent tumor progression and metastasis due to their ability to mediate direct cellular cytotoxicity and by releasing immunoregulatory cytokines, which shape adaptive immune responses. Their reactivity is governed by various activating and inhibitory molecules expressed(More)
Natural killer (NK) cells are cytotoxic lymphocytes that play an important role in tumor immunosurveillance, preferentially eliminating targets with low or absent expression of MHC class I and stress-induced expression of ligands for activating NK receptors. Platelets promote metastasis by protecting disseminating tumor cells from NK cell(More)
Thrombocytopenia inhibits tumor growth and especially metastasis in mice, whereas additional depletion of NK cells reverts this antimetastatic phenotype. It has therefore been speculated that platelets may protect hematogenously disseminating tumor cells from NK-dependent antitumor immunity. Tumor cells do not travel through the blood alone, but are rapidly(More)
Natural killer (NK) cells may prevent tumor progression and metastasis. Apart from the direct interaction with their targets, NK cell activity is influenced by the reciprocal interplay with other hematopoietic cells. While the interaction of NK cells e.g. with dendritic cells or monocytes/macrophages is well characterized, knowledge regarding their(More)
The ability of the tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNFR) family member GITR to modulate immune responses has been the subject of multiple studies. Initially thought to be critically involved in governing functions of regulatory T cells, GITR and its ligand GITRL have meanwhile been found to modulate the reactivity of various different cell types and to(More)
Natural killer (NK) cells are cytotoxic lymphocytes that play an important role in tumor immunosurveillance, preferentially eliminating targets with low or absent expression of MHC class I and stress-induced expression of ligands for activating NK receptors. Platelets promote metastasis by protecting disseminating tumor cells from NK cell(More)