Theresa O. Scholl

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Studies addressing the association of depressive symptoms late in pregnancy with pregnancy outcome are lacking. We administered the revised Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) in the third trimester to 323 inner-city adolescents and 389 adults, who were mostly from U.S. minority groups (28.7% Puerto Rican, 61.8% black, 9.6% white). The BDI total score was(More)
The periconceptional use of folic acid-containing supplements reduces the first occurrence, as well as the recurrence, of neural tube defects. Women of populations in which adverse pregnancy outcomes are prevalent often consume diets that contain a low density of vitamins and minerals, including folate. Folate intake may need to be sustained after complete(More)
We examined the influence of folate intake from diet and supplements b y 28 wk of gestation and third trimester circulating concentrations of serum folate on the outcome of pregnancy in women from Camden, NJ. Mean daily folate intake by week 28 included both dietary and supplemental folate obtained prospectively in 832 women. Circulating concentrations of(More)
Using criteria from the Centers for Disease Control, anemia and iron-deficiency anemia (anemia with serum ferritin concentrations less than 12 micrograms/L) were assessed in greater than 800 inner-city gravidas at entry to prenatal care. Iron-deficiency anemia was associated with significantly lower energy and iron intakes early in pregnancy and a lower(More)
During pregnancy, lower levels of maternal glucose before and during a glucose load have been associated with reduced infant birth weight and an increased risk of small-for-gestational-age births. A lower incremental area under the glucose response curve defines a low glycemic diet. Thus, during pregnancy the maternal diet, as measured by the glycemic(More)
Supplementation with iron is generally recommended during pregnancy to meet the iron needs of both mother and fetus. When detected early in pregnancy, iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is associated with a > 2-fold increase in the risk of preterm delivery. Maternal anemia when diagnosed before midpregnancy is also associated with an increased risk of preterm(More)
OBJECTIVE Our purpose was to determine whether breast milk lead (Pb) levels are correlated with maternal blood Pb levels, bone loss, or bone turnover during reproduction. STUDY DESIGN Data were collected prospectively at 0, 1.5, 3, 6, and 12 months after delivery in 15 lactating and 30 bottle-feeding women. Variables included breast milk Pb (inductively(More)
Anemia diagnosed early in pregnancy is associated with increased risks of low birth weight and preterm delivery. In several studies, the association between anemia and outcomes reversed direction during the third trimester; maternal anemia was no longer a risk factor for poor pregnancy outcomes. Camden study data were used to examine the probable cause of(More)
Using 1990-1995 data, the authors examined the influence of post-challenge maternal glucose concentration on pregnancy outcome in 1,157 nondiabetic US gravidas. After control for potential confounding variables and comparing gravidas with lower glucose concentrations (<99 mg/dl) with the others, they found that mean birth weight increased by 50 g and 200 g(More)
Anemia prevalence is highest in preschool children, women of reproductive age, and women who are pregnant. While the etiology of anemia is multifactorial, iron deficiency is the most commonly recognized nutritional cause. Observational studies imply that supplementation with iron or iron-folic acid should be started early in pregnancy, if not before, in(More)